Jesus Through the Centuries

"In much of North America and Europe, the younger generations have little knowledge of the central figure in the formation of Western culture. They know little of the way Jesus, his person and teaching, and the way he has been understood, has shaped and reshaped so many key developments in art, science, politics, ideas, society, and culture. Anno Domini: Jesus Through the Centuries offers a modest opportunity to glimpse and consider this tap-root of culture and civilization." This site is an online exhibit of images of Jesus, related to Jaroslav Pelikan's works on changing historical perceptions of Christ. Maintained by the Provincial Museum of Alberta.


Canadian Conference of Catholic Bishops

Comment on questions concerning views expressed by Bishop Richard Williamson, 29 January 2009

In response to questions that have been received regarding statements concerning the Holocaust (Shoah) by Bishop Richard Williamson, a member of the Society of Saint Pius X. (Same article in French)

   Full texts by recognized religious scholars (

More than 6,000 articles and chapters. Topics include Old and New Testament, Theology, Ethics, History and Sociology of Religion, Communication and Cultural Studies, Pastoral Care, Counseling, Homiletics, Worship, Missions and Religious Education.


James Alison

Violence Undone(1407)

James Alison has lectured and taught throughout the U.S., the United Kingdom and Latin America. His books include The Joy of Being Wrong, Fragments Catholic and Gay and Raising Abel and Undergoing God. They present central Christian claims as deeply engaged with the Catholic theological tradition. This article appeared in The Christian Century, September 5, 2006 pp. 30-35. Copyright by the Christian Century Foundation; used by permission. Current articles and subscriptions information can be found at This material was prepared for Religion Online by Ted and Winnie Brock.

George Allan

Process Social Philosophy: The Continuing Conversation(4632)

George Allan is Associate Professor of Philosophy and Chairman of the Department at Dickinson College, Carlisle, Pennsylvania, having been educated at Yale. He is a coordinator of the Society for the Study of Process Philosophies. The following article appeared in Process Studies, pp. 241-243, Vol. 15, Number 4, Winter, 1986.

George Allan

Process Philosophy and the Educational Canon(6873)

William Loyd Allen

How Baptists Assessed Hitler(8817)

Mr. Allen teaches church history at Southern Baptist Theological Seminary in Louisville, Kentucky, where he is a doctoral candidate. He is pastor of Rolling Fork Baptist Church in Gleanings. This article appeared in the Christian Century September 1-8, 1982, p. 890. Copyright by the Christian Century Foundation and used by permission

Diogenes Allen

Jesus’ Passion and Ours: To Love Justice Itself(7436)

Diogenes Allen teaches philosophy at Princeton Theological Seminary. This article is excerpted from his contribution to The Truth about Jesus, edited by Donald Armstrong III and published this month (March, 1998) by Eerdmans. His newest book is Love: Christian Romance, Marriage and Friendship (Cowley, 1987).

Diogenes Allen

Liberation from Illusion(7063)

Ronald J. Allen

Creating an Indigenous African Church(9403)

Ronald J. Allen teaches preaching and New Testament at Christian Theological Seminary in Indianapolis. This article appeared in The Christian Century, March 6, 1991, pp .265-269. Copyright by The Christian Century Foundation; used by permission.

Thomas J.J. Altizer

The Gospel of Christian Atheism(56613)

Thomas J. J. Altizer received his Ph.D at the University of Chicago in 1955. He taught at Wabash College from 1954-1956, then moved to Emory University as professor of Bible and Religion until 1968. The "death of God" theology became a heated debate during his professorship at Emory

Stephen Amsden

Progress Toward an Open Church(5566)

Stephen Amsden St. Claire is Minister of The Church of Universal Fellowship, Orono, ME. The following is a transcript, undated, from The Center for Progressive Christianity newsletter.



Utilitarian Christianity by H. Richard Niebuhr

In the present crisis of mankind, all emphasis seems to be placed on utilitarianism in both science and religion. In religion, to which we want to direct our attention, the growth of the utilitarian spirit is an alarming phenomenon. Utilitarianism seems to mark not only the attitude of the political powers that use religion for the sake of social control and transform it to suit their purposes, but also the attitude of many who oppose them.


Dorothy Dohen’s Reclamation of Virginity by Debra Campbell

The Catholic church’s admonitions to young women to preserve their virginity at all costs consisted chiefly, at least in the past, of dramatic warnings, what one might call "spiritual terrorism," in that all Catholic girls should be willing to die to preserve their virginity, because Catholic educators told them so and because the alternative was unthinkable. A new appreciation of virginity informed by church history and feminist theology is needed.


Four Churches in One: Latin American Catholicism by Robert Jones

There are four churches of Catholicism in Latin America: 1. The escapist faith of nonhuman magical ritual. 2. The traditional church. 3. The progressive church of Vatican II. 4. The church of the liberation theologians: José Míguez Bonino, Juan Segundo, Gustavo Gutiérrez and the rest -- the church of the poor and the dispossessed.


Pope Pius XII and the Nazis by John T. Pawlikowski

The author reviews two books about Pope Pius XII. One is quite critical of the so called "Nazi" pope, the other strongly defense. There is no middle ground between the two authors. Both volumes are part of the current struggle over the possible beatification and canonization of Pius XII.


The Battle for the Catholic Church by Phillip Berryman

The author criticizes the Curia and the pope himself for an attempt to return Catholicism to a pre-Vatican II authoritarian church.


The Christian of the Future by Karl Rahner

(ENTIRE BOOK) A reflection on the nature, limits, and possibilities of change taking place in the Roman Catholic Church during and since the Second Vatican Council.


At the Divine Banquet by Rodney Clapp

Is there no salvation except through Christ? The author suggests we might take a lesson from earlier Christians who did not assume God’s judgment on others, but worried first and foremost about their own shortcomings.


Common Sense Christianity by C. Randolph Ross

(ENTIRE BOOK) A fascinating presentation of sensible answers to many of the questions in the minds of ordinary church people. It is written by a committed Christian who is convinced that much of what the Church has taught as doctrine for most of its twenty centuries is just plain wrong.


Radical Theology and the Death of God by Thomas Altizer and William Hamilton

(ENTIRE BOOK) The aim of the new theology is not simply to seek relevance or contemporaneity for its own sake but to strive for a whole new way of theological understanding. Thus it is a theological venture in the strict sense, but it is no less a pastoral response hoping to give support to those who have chosen to live as Christian atheists.


The Ambiguities of Transcendence by Clyde A. Holbrook

Christianity does not call us to flee to another world, but to hallow this world where we are placed.


The Divine Burden by Ronald Goetz

No one, not even God, can act in this world without bringing unintentional suffering to others. Our innocent good fortune can be the cause of someone else’s grievous disappointments. If God who wills to be involved has created a world in which not even he can act in perfect blamelessness, how can God avoid the accusation of guilt -- ultimate, primordial culpability for all human suffering?


The Escape From God by Paul Tillich

Men of all kinds, prophets and reformers, saints and atheists, believers and unbelievers, have tried to escape God. It is safe to say that a man who has never tried to flee God has never experienced the God Who is really God. When I speak of God, I do not refer to the many gods of our own making, the gods with whom we can Live rather comfortably. For there is no reason to flee a god who is the perfect picture of everything that is good in man.. A god whom we can easily bear, a god from whom we do not have to hide, a god whom we do not hate in moments, a god whose destruction we never desire, is not God at all, and has no reality.


Religious Communities in the Struggle for Human Rights by Robert Traer

Perhaps the Universal Declaration of Human Rights is a sign of a new world community in which the religious traditions will find common ground. Jews, Christians and Muslims do agree that rights are gifts from God, and that people have duties toward one another and God that require the recognition of fundamental human rights.


The Misuse of Embryos by Amy Laura Hall

The author says the moral cost involved is the reason why she believes embryonic stem cell research is not consonant with Christian faith.


Homosexuality (20 articles)


Conversation with an Atheist -- Michael Harrington on Religion and Socialism by James R. Gorman

The radical incarnation of the power of God in "the halt and the maimed" -- the powerless -- is such a compelling irony as to have revolutionary potential for atheist and Christian alike. The "question of God," for Harrington, is really a question about God’s guilt.



  1. A Question of Catholic Honesty by Daniel C. Maguire

    Abortion is always tragic, but the tragedy of abortion is not always immoral. Hand-wringingly sensitive to divergent views, the Catholic bishops give all sides a hearing, even the winnable nuclear war hypothesis -- a position they themselves find abhorrent, but change the topic to abortion, and nothing is the same.

  2. Abortion and Moral Consensus: Beyond Solomon’s Choice by Madonna Kolbenschlag

    Some churchmen and politicians are so intransigent on the issue of abortion, over which men have no physical control, and so tolerant of killing in war, over which men have always had control.

  3. Abortion and Theology by Martin E. Marty

    The pro-life hecklers and speech disrupters evidently are breeding backlash by satisfying their own need to lash. They are driving more people into the camp that finds abortion to be a reasonable choice, at least under certain conditions.

  4. Catholics and Abortion: Authority vs. Dissent by Rosemary Ruether

    Effort to make "truth" unitary and absolute, as a way of strengthening acquiescence to church teaching authority, has exactly the opposite effect. If the Catholic church can be wrong on birth control, it can be wrong on anything. If uncertainty exists about something which the church has taught with its full authority, then anything it teaches with its full authority may be wrong.

  5. Concerning Abortion: An Attempt at a Rational View by Charles Hartshorne

    That persons have rights is a universal belief in our society, but that a fetus is already an actual person -- about that there is and there can be no consensus. Coercion in such matters is tyranny. Alas for our dangerously fragmented and alienated society if we persist in such tyranny.

  6. Looking Past Abortion Rhetoric by James A. Brix

    If the pregnancy does not threaten the mother’s physical existence, then the rights of the child ought to be considered as on the same level as the mother’s. Compassion may be demonstrated in providing all possible assistance, including emotional support to the mother throughout pregnancy and beyond. It is not a perfect solution, but neither are many in life.

  7. The Church and Abortion: Signs of Consensus by Mark Ellingsen

    The difference between radical and conservative statements on abortion reflects the difference between relational and static views of humans.

  8. The Legitimacy and Limits of Freedom of Choice by Kenneth Cauthen

    There is no position on the issue of abortion -- and other just and good decisions -- that does not have highly objectionable consequences. Clarity and consistency are well-nigh impossible, no matter which of the many options we choose. Giving us all the more reason to think as clearly, coherently and deeply as we possibly can.

  9. What Does It Mean to Be ‘Pro-Life’? by Donald Granberg

    Being antiabortion is not synonymous with or equivalent to being “pro-life.” This is not to say that they are incompatible or contradictory. Rather, they are at different levels of abstraction.

Papal Encyclicals

  Your guide to online Papal and other official documents of the Catholic Church. This site offers a very extensive collection of links to texts published by Roman Catholic Popes and Church Councils.


Pope John II

  "Pope John Paul II-The Millennial Pope," a bold and innovative new biography on this controversial world leader, is a journey through the 20th century to the sources of John Paul II's character and beliefs and the passionate reaction to him. It's a journey that says as much about us as it does about him.

   The roots of the Pope's ardent devotion to the Virgin Mary and what she has meant to him throughout his life

   Assessments from friends, scholars and journalists who have studied and analyzed his life and papacy

   An exploration into its sources, many layers and singular intensity

   Four deeply personal and moving stories about losing, seeking, or encountering religious faith

   Reports on the Church's positions on gays and women, including a videotaped roundtable discussion

   An in-depth inquiry into his life and legacy by the co-writers and producer of this FRONTLINE report

The Huntington Archive


    "The John C. and Susan L. Huntington Photographic Archive of Buddhist  and Related Art contains nearly 300,000 original color slides and  black and white and color photographs of art and architecture  throughout Asia. Countries covered in the collection include India,  Afghanistan, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Thailand,  Indonesia, Myanmar (Burma), China, and Japan. Works range from approximately 2500 B.C.E. to the present, and documentation includes  contemporary religious activities in various parts of Asia. The  Archive documents the art and architecture of these countries in situ,  as well as works of art found in most major Asian, European, and   American museums. This broad, yet detailed, collection contains  predominantly Buddhist material, but also includes Hindu, Jain, Islamic, and other works."


Taoism and the Arts of China





Jesus through the centuries


Why is this exhibition important? In much of North America and Europe, the younger generations have little knowledge of the central figure in the formation of Western culture. They know little of the way Jesus, his person and teaching, and the way he has been understood, has shaped and reshaped so many key developments in art, science, politics, ideas, society, and culture. Anno Domini: Jesus Through the Centuries offers a modest opportunity to glimpse and consider this tap-root of culture and civilization.





Our Garden of Carmel

    This website contains information about the Discalced Carmelite Order, including Seculars. Carmelite spirituality in the tradition of St Teresa of Avila, St John of the Cross, St Therese of Lisieux, Bl Elizabeth of the Trinity, St Teresa of the Andes, St Teresa Benedicta, and many more wonderful beatified and canonized members of the Carmelite family. Also other little inspirational poems, ponderings and writings. (Also see:  / Catholic Church in England & Wales  and




All about the Holy See


Canadian Conference of Catholic Bishops

Comment on questions concerning views expressed by Bishop Richard Williamson    
29 January 2009

In response to questions that have been received regarding statements concerning the Holocaust (Shoah) by Bishop Richard Williamson, a member of the Society of Saint Pius X.


International Religious Communities in a Multicultural World

    (The Experience of Internationality in the SVD)

        Antonio M. Pernia, SVD - (Superior General)


    I have been asked to share the experience of internationality in our congregation, the Society of the Divine Word (SVD). I would like to so in three parts: First, I would like to mention a few assumptions about internationality in religious congregations; secondly, I will then share how internationality is experienced in our congregation; then thirdly, I will end with a few thoughts about what the mission might be of international religious congregations in our increasingly multicultural world.Antonio M. Pernia


John Paul II

John Paul II: The Millenial Pope

This web site outlines the contents of a public television documentary on Pope John Paul II, Karol Wojtyla.


Papal Encyclicals Online

"Your guide to online Papal and other official documents of the Catholic Church." This site offers a very extensive collection of links to texts published by Roman Catholic Popes and Church Councils.


Perspective on the world of Jesus

Into His Own: Perspective on the World of Jesus

This site offers a wealth of information about the social, political, and historical context in which Jesus and the early Christians lived.

Maintained by Mahlon Smith at Rutgers University.


Interdisciplinary Encyclopaedia of Religion and Science

Religion and Science

"This Interdisciplinary Encyclopaedia is intended to provide new scholarly articles in the rapidly-growing international field of Religion and Science. These articles were written primarily by European authors and are available here for the first time in English translation. They offer a unique window into the approaches and perspectives of the European community towards what has become a field of immense cultural significance throughout the world. Each article provides a very readable and comprehensive summary of what is currently being discussed in religion and science on a specific topic as well as how these topics were discussed historically." The articles are written primarily from a Roman Catholic point of view.



"A four-hour exploration into the richness, the complexities and the controversies of the Mormons' story as told through interviews with members of the church, leading writers and historians, and supporters and critics of the Mormon faith." A PBS documentary web site.




    Obama in the White House

           One hundred days that didn't shake the world


Christus Rex et Redemptor Mundi


       The Protocols of Zion

    [...] Of the Protocols themselves little need be said in the way of introduction. The book in which they are embodied was first published in the year 1897 by Philip Stepanov for private circulation among his intimate friends. The first time Nilus published them was in 1901 in a book called The Great Within the Small and reprinted in 1905. A copy of this is in the British Museum bearing the date of its reception, August 10, 1906. All copies that were known to exist in Russia were destroyed in the Kerensky regime, and under his successors the possession of a copy by anyone in Soviet land was a crime sufficient to ensure the owner's of being shot on sight [...]


       Visiting the Protocols

When an international mass circulation magazine like The Reader's Digest decides to run an article on the documents generally known as The Protocols, in which Eric Butler and The League of Rights are critically mentioned, there must be a purpose. About the same time as The Reader's Digest article, which basically regurgitates the view that these documents are either a forgery or a fabrication, the Oxford University Press released a publication, The Right Road, by Dr. Andrew Moore, senior lecturer in Australian history at the University of Western Sydney.