The Source of Wars (Fidel Castro)

      The Future of Populist Politics, by  Robert S. Kaplan
        Colorado College's 125th Anniversary Symposium Cultures in the 21st Century: Conflicts and Convergences  Delivered at Colorado College on February 6, 1999 .


New! Areopagitica by John Milton

This is true liberty, when free-born men, Having to advise the public, may speak free,Which he who can, and will, deserves high praise; Who neither can, nor will, may hold his peace: What can be juster in a state than this?


New!  Anarchism and Other Essays by Emma Goldman

Propagandism is not, as some suppose, a "trade," because nobody will follow a "trade" at which you may work with the industry of a slave and die with the reputation of a mendicant. The motives of any persons to pursue such a profession must be different from those of trade, deeper
than pride, and stronger than interest. (GEORGE JACOB HOLYOAKE).

       Obama's grand narrative may unite his country but divide the world. His chances of remaking America are good. Restoring US leadership in a multipolar global system will be harder (By Garton Ash, The Guardian. En Español: en El País, Opinión, domingo 25 de enero de 2009)


Marxism as a Science: Refuting Karl Popper,

Now, in this connection, I want to speak to the attempt by Karl Popper to discredit and attack Marxism.1 Popper claims that Marxism is not a science because it is not falsifiable. Or to put it another way, Popper asserts that Marxism is in effect a religious worldview, which makes historical prophecies; and when, as Popper asserts, these “prophecies” turn out to be false—when reality turns out differently than what has been “prophesied” by Marxism—then Marxists simply invent rationalizations to explain away the failure of their “prophecy.”


A collection of essays and books on a wide variety of topics in  theology and religious studies, by reputable scholars. Headings: The Bible; Local Church; Communication; Theology; Practical Theology; Theologians; Culture; Social Issues; Religious Sociology; Education; History of Religion; Ethics; Missions; Churches and Society. Also

provided are indexes by author and subject, and a search feature. A superb resource. Maintained by William F. Fore.

  1. Nullifiers and Insurrectionists: America’s Antigovernment Tradition by Robert Westbrook

The author reviews a book about American’s attitude toward the government. The writer, Garry Wills, offers a catalog of the various forms taken by American distrust of government since the late 18th century, and ventures to debunk the historical myths that have sustained them. He argues for government as a necessary good.

  1. Political Economy and the Economization of Politics by John B. Cobb, Jr.

While economic considerations dominate the political sphere, it should not be applied to the real world in which markets are only one part of the whole of social life. For most people, there are other goals in life besides acquiring goods and services. Values cannot be identified simply with what is desired, and society cannot accept the market alone as the basis for deciding which desires should be fulfilled. The economization of politics is extremely damaging to human society and the natural world, and if the process continues, it will be disastrous.

  1. Religion and Liberty: From Vision to Politics by Michael Novak

The liberty of conscience transcends any and all political orders. Human freedom rooted in God declares that all states and all political orders are under God. States can crush or kill human beings, but they cannot alienate them from their responsibility to God and conscience.

  1. The Old Question: Politics and Religion by Roger Shinn

Churches should be more cautious than individuals or groups of Christians in taking political stands. Christians, especially churches, should be more ready to make pronouncements on issues than on candidates—always recognizing that times come when issues and men are inseparable. Christian judgments should never stem solely from the clergy but should involve lay specialists with skill in public affairs.

  1. Albert Camus: Political Moralist by William F. May

According to William May, Camus rejects political realism in both its conservative and revolutionary forms and summons man to a modesty, an honesty, and a decency that he believes to be within the reach of man—and certainly within the reach of Western man—as it recovers the best in the European revolutionary tradition. Camus argues, man overreaches himself, pretends to one sort of divinity or another, but concludes by justifying the violation of man.

  1. New Politics and Not So New Politics by Amy Sherman

According to Sherman, one of the best things about Jim Wallis' book, The Soul of Politics, is that it calls us to listen to the people who live there as we reflect on the inner city's woes. One of the worst things about the book is that the author seems unwilling to hear all that they have to say. In his emphasis on the injustice of the system he allows the poor to escape taking personal responsibility, even though he exalts an increasing spiritual awareness and the activist role of the (mostly) black churches. When he moves to the problems of economic stagnation in the less developed countries his proposal for a "third way", transcending liberalism and conservatism, ignores the successes of market-friendly systems.

Full texts by recognized religious scholars


     http://www.religion-online.org/listbycategory.asp?Cat=96  (17 articles)


     Capitalism - communism

     http://www.religion-online.org/listbycategory.asp?Cat=78 (20 articles)


     Church and State

     http://www.religion-online.org/listbycategory.asp?Cat=61 (17 articles)


    Poor and Oppressed

    http://www.religion-online.org/listbycategory.asp?Cat=71 (29 articles)

The Third Way: Myth and Reality

U.S. Offensive in Latin America: Coups, Retreats, and Radicalization
by James Petras

The CIA and the Cultural Cold War Revisited
by James Petras

      How Carnivore Works


            Not nice....not at all nice By Thomas C Greene in Washington DC

               The FBI's notorious Internet traffic sniffer Carnivore includes a handy, idiot-proof GUI interface enabling nosey Feds to capture and examine a broad range of what passes through, from headers alone to full-bore content retrieval, which is pictured in the Justice Department's final assessment from the IIT Research Institute and the Illinois Institute of Technology Chicago-Kent College of Law (IITRI).




      Crimes against Humanity


Torture at Abu Ghraib: "The Man Behind the Hood" - by Prof. Ali Shalal - 2009-04-27

Full Transcript of Ali Shalal's Testimony


Israel's Wanton Aggression On Gaza, - by Stephen Lendman - 2008-12-30


Afghan Civilians killed by U.S/NATO Actions since 2006, by Prof. Marc W. Herold - 2008-10-09

Obama and McCain propose dusty death without end in Afghanistan.


Children's Rights in the War Theater: Who Guards the Guards? - by Felicity Arbuthnot - 2008-06-09

The US army has detained 2,400 children as young as ten years old since March 2003


Is the Trilateral Commission the secret organization that runs the world?

       The Trilateral  Comission  (November 6, 1987)


Trilateral Comission Members  April 10, 2003.



Fatal Indifference

   The G8, Africa, and Global Health by Ronald Labonte, Ted Schrecker, David Sanders y Wilma Meeus
               University of Cape Town Press/IDRC 2004
               ISBN 1-91971-384-0
               e-ISBN 1-55250-130-2

      For most of the past century, the spread of mysterious, frightening diseases is something that has occurred mostly in poorer parts of the planet. Now that it is identified as primarily a ‘Third World’, especially African, condition, AIDS has briefly managed to make it to the highest level of political agendas, including the UN Security Council. But all in all, the G8 countries under scrutiny in this book have for decades lived as though immune to at least two of the biblical scourges – famine and pestilence.

Globalization, Health and Development: The Right Prescription? 2004
Macroeconomic Policy, Structural Adjustment and Debt Relief 2004
Health and Health Systems 2004
Education 2004
Nutrition, Food Security and Biotechnology 2004
Official Development Assistance 2004
Trade and Market Access 2004
Environment 2004
Equity, Health and NEPAD: A Case Study 2004
Promises Kept and Broken, Right or Wrong 2004
Epilogue 2004

References: Part 1. 2004

Appendix 1: G7 and G8 Health-Related Commitments Matrix: 1999–2001 2004
Appendix 2: Data Tables 2004
Appendix 3: NEPAD’s Health Commitments 2004


      With all but a handful of states now declaring themselves democratic, and with the number of more or less imperfect democracies on the rise, there seems to be little urgency for understanding what drives authoritarian regimes. However, authoritarianism is resilient and manifold. There are about fifty countries in the world today that are considered not free, and many more that can only be considered as only partly free.

Some Knowledge Capturing Techniques


 COMPARATIVE AUTHORITARIANISM (PhD Instructor: Dr Matteo Fumagalli)
  Email: fumagallim@ceu.hu  Winter 2007

With all but a handful of states now declaring themselves democratic, and with the number of more or less imperfect democracies on the rise, there seems to be little urgency for understanding what drives authoritarian regimes. However, authoritarianism is resilient and manifold. There are about fifty countries in the world today that are considered not free, and many more that can only be considered as only partly free. The course offers a comparative outlook to the study of authoritarianism. It combines a theoretical reflection on why authoritarian regimes emerge, consolidate their power and change, with a study of empirical manifestations in various parts of the world, including post-communist Eurasia, post-colonial Africa, the Middle East and East Asia [...].

Introduction: What is authoritarian rule?
Totalitarian regimes
Military authoritarianism
Bureaucratic Authoritarianism
Personal Rule
Coercion, co-optation and consent: Legitimacy and beyond I
Coercion, co-optation and consent: Legitimacy and beyond II
Political Economy I
Political Economy II: Rentierism
Patrimonialism and neo-patrimonialism
The foreign policy of authoritarian states
Religion and authoritarianism I
Religion and authoritarianism II
Protest, pacts and rebellion I
Protest, pacts and rebellion II
External intervention and regime change
Authoritarianism and its aftermath
Hybrid regimes
`Chinese democracy'
Conclusion: Whither authoritarianism?

Vain Hopes, False Dreams, By Noam Chomsky

In the July/August issue of _Z_, several articles dealt with the deterioration of conditions of life in American society and the loss of hope, trust, or even expectations for the political system.


The Third World at Home, By Noam Chomsky (1993)

Studies of public opinion bring out other strands.  A June 1992 Gallup poll found that 75% of the population do not expect life to improve for the next generation of Americans--not too surprising, given that real wages have been dropping for 20 years, with an accelerated decline under Reaganite
"conservatism," which also managed to extend the cloud over the college-educated.

     North America

     Latin  America


The Tragedy of the Commons, by Garrett Hardin (1968)

    Die Off





Statesmen: Alcibiades, Hippodamus, Pericles, Themistokles

Whose can hold the sea has command of the situation"  Themistokles

With the time many personalities influenced the development of the city.

Politicians were changing different visions were planed and each one set different priorities.

Through this colorful past Pireas gets to this what it is today, big fights were fought and

as the harbor of Athens it plays always an important role in the history of Greece.

    Argentina elects Cristina Kirchner 

    (see article)



Lifting the Curtain on the Invisible Government

By Henry Makow Ph.D. , July 31, 2002

    [...] I haven't got all the pieces of the puzzle. But I believe modern history displays a long-term plan by dynastic banking families and their allies to create an Orwellian World dictatorship ("New World Order") in which  wealth will be further concentrated, and human life will be further degraded.[...]

Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy


 [...] recent social theory has formulated a more precise concept of globalization than those typically offered by pundits. Although sharp differences continue to separate participants in the ongoing debate, most contemporary social theorists endorse the view that globalization refers to fundamental changes in the spatial and temporal contours of social existence [...]

Abstractions in the Declaratrion of the (American) Independence.

George Kennan , a life in the Foreign Service. By Wilson Miscamble

He explained that Stalin had succeeded "in proving that man’s degradation can be just as effectively ‘organized’ as his dignity; that contempt for the human individual can be made an acceptable and practicable basis for government; and that — whether or not it is possible to create a Heaven on earth — it is definitely possible and even profitable to create a Purgatory and a Hell."

The Economist, New York. December 2007


    Afghanistan and Iraq

        Must they be wars without end? 

            No, as recent successes show. But “winning” will take many years, and cannot be achieved by force alone Dec 13th 2007



        The secret policeman's election 

            Vladimir Putin did not rig the ballot to win control of parliament, but to assert his power over the Kremlin's warring factionsDec 6th 2007

        Russia's new leadership

            Spot the president 

            Vladimir Putin's bid to remain in power is bad for Russia, for democracy and for the world Dec 13th 2007

        Russia's presidency

            Enter Putin two 

            From Vladimir Putin to Dmitry Medvedev: a very Russian way to change the political guardDec 13th 2007



        What I´ve learned, by Tony Blair Dec.19th, 2007






Timothy Garton Ash.


        Europe´s True Stories by Timothy Garton Ash. February 2007.

The EU urgently needs to give a new account of itself. Old-fashioned grand narrative and Euromyth will no longer do the trick. How about a true and self-critical story woven around six goals?

        Europe needs a strategy to cope with Russia

        The knives are out for Davos Man. But the alternative is much more alarming

        Europe is failing two life and death tests. We must act together, now

        The launch of BBC Persian TV is one of the most positive developments I have seen in a long time

        On an auspicious anniversary, here are four keys to China's peaceful rise




        North America

        Latin  America


Baptist v Mormon 

        Faith and politics

            The Republican battle for the religious vote gets rough Dec 13th 2007


 How will future wars be fought?

    War and Anti-War, (Alvin Toffler) has been studied by military strategists from Washington and Paris to Beijing and Moscow.

Toffler talked with USATODAY.com about the 21st century. This is the third of four segments.



    Inefficient Lobbying, Populism, and Oligarchy
        Filipe R. Campante and Francisco H. G. Ferreira


    Weaponomics: The Global Market for Assault Rifles
        Phillip Killicoat


    Clientelism, Credibility, and the Policy Choices of Young Democracies
        Philip Keefer



    Global Research

        Anglo-American Ambitions behind the Assassination of Benazir Bhutto and the Destabilization of Pakistan

            by Larry Chin



The Age of Revolution

    During most of its tenure on earth the human race has existed as small bands of hunters and gatherers. This way of life with its minimal impact on the environment...  (Hobsbawm, july 8th - 13th 2004)


World Wars

World War One


World War Two

Genocide Under the Nazis

Cold War



The International Observer

    Future International and political Events

      March / December 2009

      2010 up to 2050


Irak War

American Bishop Bars faithful from War Effort

     CANTON, Mar 18, 03 (CWNews.com) -- An American Catholic bishop has forbidden his flock from participating or cooperating in military action against Iraq, under pain of mortal sin.



Educational Gazette


The Educational Gazette(EG) is a collaborative, computer-supported House Organ journal published by EMTF. In order to support the process of collaborative work, contributors  with different backgrounds and living in different regions of the world are welcome.

Contributions to EG focus on essays, reviews, debates and interviews about educational issues and their related subjects. It is aimed at keen or studious readers all over the world. Contributions made by representatives of the various fields of knowledge are welcome.

        Contact us: ctrevisi@trevisifoundation.com