Nature

 

Nature and the natural are frequently considered as what remains or  what can regenerate when almost all humans and their works are removed   (1).
In Nature and human society a thing could be an event, a fact or an  occurrence. To occur is to happen, to befall or take place (2).
Events and processes determine the state of Nature in spatial/temporal  locations.
A process is related to dynamical performing (9). Once created a process proceeds independent of its creator. Processes that are running  independently can proceed at different rates. A process can be blocked or suspended. There may be foreground and background processes. They   may be cooperating with other ones needing to synchronize with them and/or competing with other processes to acquire some resources (10). Objects and processes may be bona fide (natural) or fiat (constructed).

Nature supports or is the primary project of a place: projects require places. Nature will be protected and/or restored in some places (13). Naming, location, placement, protection, genuinity and access allow to characterize a place. Some place names used to differentiate spatial features fitted porly with geographical reality like fiat entities (14, 7, 15)
A place arise as a transformation of Nature: through the use of material and speech forces and bona fide and/or fiat boundaries places may be [destroyed] created, and world's complexity could be [reduced] increased depending on [in]correctness of procedures. Places are considered fiat entities. Places are characterized by local differentiations (9). Places differ in response to exogenous factors and local societies recast external or exogenous influences or conditions (16, 7). A site is a place where a particular event [process] happen[s]ed.

    References


   
1. YI FU TUAN. 1998. Escapism. Johns Hopkins, Baltimore and London. http://www.geography.wisc.edu/~yifutuan/
    2. R. D. SACK. 1980. Conception of Space in Social Thought. Univ. of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis. http://www.geography.wisc.edu/faculty/sack/index.htm
    7. R. T. T. FORMAN. 1995. Land Mosaics. The Ecology of Landscapes and Regions. CUP, Cambridge (Eng).http://www.gsd.harvard.edu/people/faculty/forman/
    9. J. BACON. 1998. Concurrent Systems(2nd.Ed). Addison-Wesley,Harlow(Eng).
    10. A. S. TANNENBAUM. 1992. Modern Operating Systems. Prentice Hall,Englewood Cliffs.
    13. IUCN. 1994. Guidelines for Protected Area Management Categories, IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge(UK).Subject: IUCN - The World Conservation Union http://www.iucn.org/

    14. P. R. KRUGMAN. 1996. Development, Geography and Economic Theory. The MIT Press, Cambridge(USA).

    15. YI FU TUAN. 1991. «Language and the Making of Place: A Narrative-Descriptive Approach», Ann. of the Ass. of Am. Geog. 81(4) 684-696.http://www.geography.wisc.edu/~yifutuan/
    16. E. S. CASEY. 1998. The Fate of Place. Univ. of California Press, Berkeley.

Nature Publishing Group

 

Educational Gazette

 

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Contributions to EG focus on essays, reviews, debates and interviews about educational issues and their related subjects. It is aimed at keen or studious readers all over the world. Contributions made by representatives of the various fields of knowledge are welcome.

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