Latest News & Articles

2009 /  2008 /  2007

2010 /2011

Are senior citizens being overmedicated?


Strong, antipsychotic drugs are being prescribed more often to senior citizens in U.S. nursing homes, setting off a debate about whether it's the right treatment for the elderly suffering from dementia. Daniel Levinson, inspector general for the Department of Health and Human Services, believes this increase - detailed in a recent study by his office - is a cause for alarm.  "The report found that too often, elderly residents are prescribed antipsychotic drugs in ways that violate government standards for unnecessary drug use," he wrote in a commentary for CNN.com.


CONTENTS of Music History 102:

As is usual with information on the history of Western music, this site has been organized according to the eras of history:


Paintings & Painters.

Styles of Painting

Impressionism to Pop art


Todo acerca de Nueva York (English)


Metropolitan Museum of New York

Featured Catalogue: Rooms with a View  Tuesday, April 26, 2011.

Muestra de pinturas que exhiben vistas a través de ventanas. (English)



Our President, Carlos A. Trevisi is responsible for this section. 

We welcome  all our visitors and invite them to participate  sending articles related to education, health, society, politics, etc.,  or giving their opinions about what we edit.

There is no restriction but for those affecting human rights. Articles of real interest will be published in EDUCATIONAL GAZETTE


Visit our Educational Gazette  I ,  II  &  III  (EG),

a collaborative, computer-supported House Organ journal published by EMTF.





Art Project (Powered by Google)

Explore museums from around the world, discover and view hundreds of artworks at incredible zoom levels, and even

create and share your own collection of masterpieces.

Go to





The Metropolitan Museum of Art (Nueva York)




On View Now (April 2011)

Special Exhibitions

The Great Upheaval: Modern Art from the Guggenheim Collection, 1910–1918
February 4–June 1, 2011

The Deutsche Bank Series at the Guggenheim: Found in Translation
February 11–May 1, 2011

A Chronology: The Guggenheim Collection, 1909–1979
February 26–September 11, 2011

Kandinsky at the Bauhaus, 1922–1933

Collection on View

Thannhauser Collection



Paintings & Painters.

Styles of Painting

Impressionism to Pop art


British Museum (England)


The British Museum in London is one of the world's greatest museums of human history and culture. Its collections, which number more than 13 million objects from all continents, illustrate and document the story of human culture from its beginning to the present. The British Museum was established in 1753, largely based on the collections of the physician and scientist Sir Hans Sloane. The museum first opened to the public on 15 January 1759 in Montagu House in Bloomsbury


Louvre Museum (France)


The Louvre Museum in Paris, France, is the most visited and one of the oldest, largest, and most famous art galleries and museums in the world. The Louvre has a long history of artistic and historic conservation, inaugurated in the Capetian dynasty until today. The building was previously a royal place and is famous for holding several of the world's most beautiful works of art, such as Leonardo da Vinci's Mona Lisa, The Virgin and Child with St. Anne, Madonna of the Rocks, and Alexandros of Antioch's Venus de Milo. Located in the centre of the city of Paris.


New York Skyline (USA)


New York City is a city in the southern area of the state of New York. It is the most populous city in the United States of America. New York City is an important economic center, with its business, finance, trading, law, and media organizations influential around the globe.[1] The city is also an important cultural center, with many museums, galleries, and performance venues. Home of the United Nations, the city is a hub for international diplomacy. 


St Peter's Basilica (Vatican City)


The Basilica of Saint Petrus, officially known in Italian as the Basilica di San Pietro in Vaticano and coloquially called Saint Peter's Basilica, is one of four major basilicas of Rome. It is the most prominent building inside the Vatican City. Its dome is also a dominant feature of the Roman skyline. Saint Peter's is also incidentally the patriarchal basilica of Constantinople whereas the Lateran Basilica is the patriarchal basilica of Rome. Possibly the largest church building in Christianity. 


St. Mark's Basilica (Italy)


St Mark's Basilica, the cathedral of Venice, is the most famous of the city's churches and one of the best known examples of Byzantine architecture. It lies on St Mark's Square, adjacent and connected to the Doge's Palace and has been the seat of the Patriarch of Venice, archbishop of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Venice since 1807. 


Uffizi Gallery (Italy)


The Uffizi Gallery is housed in the Palazzo degli Uffizi, a palazzo in Florence, Italy, housing one of the oldest and most famous art museums in the world. Today the Uffizi is one of the most popular tourist attractions of Florence. In high season (particularly in July), waiting times can be up to five hours. Visitors who reserve a ticket in advance have a substantially shorter wait. 


Sent by Ricardo L. Plaul, Argentina

- We need 'a global movement to defend Mother Earth' (Derrick O'Keefe)
Statement from the People’s Movement Assembly on Food Sovereignty ()
European authorities taking advantage of "crisis" to enact regressive "reforms" (Mark Weisbrot)
The Source of Wars (Fidel Castro)
- America Norte:
NAFTA & Political Economy of Immigration (Collin Harris)
- America Latina, EE.UU:
Life Imitates Art: That Completes My Argument (Mark Weisbrot)
- ConoSur:
Farming takes environmental toll (Andrés Gaudin)
- Argentina:
Indigenous groups demand plurinational state (Hernán Scandizzo)
- EE.UU:
Mr. Obama, who's in charge in the United States?
(Néstor García Iturbe)
- EE.UU:
Washington Still Has Problems With Democracy in Latin América (Mark Weisbrot)
- Costa Rica,EE.UU:
Why are Marines Disembarking in Costa Rica? (Atilio Boron)
- Haití:
Six months later, the situation has not improved
(Wooldy Edson Louidor)

How social equality influence economic growth: Lessons from East Asia and Latin America, por Xuhua Zhang.
Al estudiar la distribución de renta se concluye que el grado de desigualdad social no es significativamente mayor en Latinoamérica que en Asia Oriental. Se analiza cómo las características de la desigualdad social afectan al desarrollo económico en múltiples aspectos.

Choose & Read!

New! Alexandria and her Schools by Charles Kingsley

[...] only by understanding what has happened, can we understand what will happen; only by understanding history, can we understand prophecy; and that not merely by picking out--too often arbitrarily and unfairly--a few names and dates from the records of all the ages, but by trying to discover its organic laws, and the causes which produce in nations, creeds, and systems, health and disease, growth, change, decay and death


New!  Anarchism and Other Essays by Emma Goldman

Propagandism is not, as some suppose, a "trade," because nobody will follow a "trade" at which you may work with the industry of a slave and die with the reputation of a mendicant. The motives of any persons to pursue such a profession must be different from those of trade, deeper
than pride, and stronger than interest. (GEORGE JACOB HOLYOAKE).


New!  Ancient China Simplified by Edward Harper Parker

Boswell once remarked to Dr. Johnson that "the history of England is so strange that, if it were not well vouched as it is, it would be hardly credible." To which Johnson replied in his usual style: "Sir, if it were told as shortly, and with as little preparation for introducing the different events, as the history of the Jewish kings, it would be equally liable to objections of improbability."


New!  Ancient Poems, Ballads and Songs of England by Robert Bell

He who, in travelling through the rural districts of England, has made the road-side inn his resting-place, who has visited the lowly dwellings of the villagers and yeomanry, and been present at their feasts and festivals, must have observed that there are certain old poems, ballads, and songs, which are favourites with the masses, and have been said and sung from generation to generation.


New!  Androcles and the Lion by George Bernard Shaw

A jungle path. A lion's roar, a melancholy suffering roar, comes from the jungle. It is repeated nearer. The lion limps from the jungle on three legs, holding up his right forepaw, in which a huge thorn sticks. He sits down and contemplates it. He licks it. He shakes it. He tries to extract it by scraping it along the ground, and hurts himself worse. He roars piteously. He licks it again. Tears drop from his eyes. He limps painfully off the path and lies down under the trees, exhausted with pain. Heaving a long sigh, like wind in a trombone, he goes to sleep.


New!  The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle

Originally compiled on the orders of King Alfred the Great, approximately A.D. 890, and subsequently maintained and added to by generations of anonymous scribes until the middle of the 12th Century. The original language is  Anglo-Saxon (Old English), but later entries are essentially Middle English in tone.

Translation by Rev. James Ingram (London, 1823), with additional readings from the translation of Dr. J.A. Giles (London, 1847).

New!  Anna Karenina by Leo Tolstoy

Happy families are all alike; every unhappy family is unhappy in its own way.
Everything was in confusion in the Oblonskys' house. The wife had discovered that the husband was carrying on an intrigue with a French girl, who had been a governess in their family, and she had announced to her husband that she could not go on living in the same house with him.


New! The Antiquary, Complete by Sir Walter Scott

The present work completes a series of fictitious narratives, intended to illustrate the manners of Scotland at three different periods. _Waverley_embraced the age of our fathers, _Guy Mannering_ that of our own youth, and the _Antiquary_ refers to the last ten years of the eighteenth century. I have, in the two last narratives especially, sought my principal personages in the class of society who are the last to feel the influence of that general polish which assimilates to each other the manners of different nations


New! The Arabian Nights Entertainments Complete by Anon.

The exact origin of the Tales, which appear in the Arabic as "The Thousand and One Nights," is unknown. The Caliph Haroon al Rusheed, who, figures in so lifelike a manner in many of the stories, was a contemporary of the Emperor Charlemagne, and there is internal evidence that the collection was made in the Arabic language about the end of the tenth century.

New! Architecture and Democracy by Claude Fayette Bragdon

This book can lay no claim to unity of theme, since its subjects range from skyscrapers to symbols and soul states; but the author claims for it nevertheless a unity of point of view, and one (correct or not) so comprehensive as to include in one synthesis every subject dealt with. For according to that point of view, a skyscraper is only a symbol--and of what? A condition of consciousness, that is, a state of the soul. Democracy even, we are beginning to discover, is a condition of consciousness too.


New! The Architecture and Landscape Gardening of the Exposition by Louis Christian Mullgardt

nternational Expositions are independent kingdoms in their corporate relation with other countries of the world. They are phantom kingdoms wherein the people do everything but sleep. They germinate and grow with phenomenal energy. Their existence is established without conquest and their magic growth is similar to the mushroom and the moonflower; they vanish like setting suns in their own radiance. Thousands of neophytes of every race, creed and color come with willing hearts and hands to do homage and bear manna to nourish the sinews of a phantom kingdom.


New! Are Women People? by Alice Duer Miller

Father, what is a Legislature?
A representative body elected by the people of the state.
Are women people?
No, my son, criminals, lunatics and women are not people.
Do legislators legislate for nothing?
Oh, no; they are paid a salary.
By whom?
By the people.
Are women people?
Of course, my son, just as much as men are.


New! Areopagitica by John Milton

This is true liberty, when free-born men, Having to advise the public, may speak free,Which he who can, and will, deserves high praise; Who neither can, nor will, may hold his peace: What can be juster in a state than this?


New! Athens: Its Rise and Fall, Complete by Edward Bulwer-Lytton

The work, a portion of which is now presented to the reader, has occupied me many years--though often interrupted in its progress, either by more active employment, or by literary undertakings of a character more seductive. These volumes were not only written, but actually in the hands of the publisher before the appearance, and even, I believe, before the announcement of the first volume of Mr. Thirlwall's History of Greece, or I might have declined going over any portion of the ground cultivated by that distinguished scholar [1].


New! The Autobiography of Charles Darwin

Edited by his Son, Francis Darwin
My father's autobiographical recollections, given in the present chapter, were written for his children,--and written without any thought that they would ever be published. To many this may seem an impossibility; but those who knew my father will understand how it was not only possible, but natural.


New! The Autobiography of Benvenuto Cellini by Benvenuto Cellini

AMONG the vast number of men who have thought fit to write down the history of their own lives, three or four have achieved masterpieces which stand out preeminently: Saint Augustine in his “Confessions,” Samuel Pepys in his “Diary,” Rousseau in his “Confessions.” It is among these extraordinary documents, and unsurpassed by any of them, that the autobiography of Benvenuto Cellini takes its place


What makes a great teacher?

David Cameron's proclamation that the Tories will be "brazenly elitist" about the calibre of candidates entering the teaching profession betrays the fact that he doesn't know anything about teaching. As a teacher in various comprehensives for the past 20 years, I have seen many good teachers, and some, it's true, fit the stereotype that Cameron wants to impose: graduates with good degrees from so-called "good universities".


Freedom of choice  (Video)

Psychologist Barry Schwartz takes aim at a central tenet of western societies: freedom of choice. In Schwartz's estimation, choice has made us not freer but more paralyzed, not happier but more dissatisfied.


Information upper highway

This excellent site is one of the leading examples of how artefacts from the ancient world can be brought onto the "information uperhighway."


A new Chapter on the understanding of the moon

NASA today opened a new chapter in our understanding of the moon. Preliminary data from the Lunar CRater Observation and Sensing Satellite, or LCROSS, indicates that the mission successfully uncovered water during the Oct. 9, 2009 impacts into the permanently shadowed region of Cabeus cater near the moon’s south pole.


Planets, Great Wall and Solar Eclipse

Credit & Copyright: e-mail Terry Cuttle Brisbane, Australia

This dramatic skyscape was recorded during the August 2008 total solar eclipse. The Moon's silhouette surrounded by a glistening solar corona hangs above the Jiayuguan Fort along the western edge of the Great Wall of China. Lined-up along the ecliptic plane, all the planets of the inner solar system, Mercury, Venus, Mars, (and Earth!) can also be seen along with Saturn and bright star Regulus, as the Moon's shadow tracks across the landscape.


Forum Romanum Proyect

Forum Romanum is a collaborative project among scholars, teachers, and students with the broad purpose of bringing classical scholarship out of college libraries and into a more accessible, online medium.

Toward this end, Forum Romanum actively contributes to the body of information available online, publishing texts, translations, articles, and other pedagogical resources. We also make a point of highlighting important materials that are available elsewhere, in order to present a real picture of the state of classical scholarship

online." Maintained by David Camden.


Ancient World mapping Center

The Ancient World Mapping Center exists to promote cartography and geographic information science as essential disciplines within the field of ancient studies. The staff and affiliates of the Center work to advance the study of the ancient world through innovative and collaborative research, teaching, and community outreach activities using cartography, geographic information science, and historical geography." http://www.archpark.org.il/ Time line. Excellent



Pleiades gives scholars, students and enthusiasts worldwide the ability to use, create and share historical geographic information about the Greek and Roman World in digital form. Get information about ancient places .

Pleiades is a joint project of the Ancient World Mapping Center, the Stoa Consortium and the Institute for the Study of the Ancient World. It is supported by its institutional partners, and by the U.S. National Endowment for the Humanities.


Jesus Through the Centuries

"In much of North America and Europe, the younger generations have little knowledge of the central figure in the formation of Western culture. They know little of the way Jesus, his person and teaching, and the way he has been understood, has shaped and reshaped so many key developments in art, science, politics, ideas, society, and culture. Anno Domini: Jesus Through the Centuries offers a modest opportunity to glimpse and consider this tap-root of culture and civilization." This site is an online exhibit of images of Jesus, related to Jaroslav Pelikan's works on changing historical perceptions of Christ. Maintained by the Provincial Museum of Alberta.


Blake Archive

"A free site on the World Wide Web since 1996, the Blake Archive was conceived as an international public resource that would provide unified access to major works of visual and literary art that are highly disparate, widely dispersed, and more and more often severely restricted as a result of their value, rarity, and extreme fragility.

A growing number of contributors, currently eight American and British institutions and a major private collector, have given the Archive permission to include thousands of Blake's images and texts without fees. At this writing the Archive contains fully searchable and scalable electronic editions of 27 copies of 16 of Blake's 19

illuminated works in the context of full, up-to-date bibliographic information about each image, scrupulous "diplomatic" transcriptions of all texts, detailed descriptions of all images, and extensive bibliographies."


Huntington Archive of Buddhist and Related Art


 "The John C. and Susan L. Huntington Photographic Archive of Buddhist and Related Art contains nearly 300,000 original color slides and black and white and color photographs of art and architecture throughout Asia. Countries covered in the collection include India, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Thailand,

Indonesia, Myanmar (Burma), China, and Japan. Works range from  approximately 2500 B.C.E. to the present, and documentation includes contemporary religious activities in various parts of Asia. The Archive documents the art and architecture of these countries in situ, as well as works of art found in most major Asian, European, and American museums. This broad, yet detailed, collection contains predominantly Buddhist material, but also includes Hindu, Jain, Islamic, and other works."


Vatican Museums

"The Vatican Museums are one of the most famous and renowned cultural institutions of the Holy See. They are known everywhere because of the masterpieces which the Roman Pontiffs have commissioned, collected and preserved during the ages. Together with the immense heritage of movable works of art, sculptures and paintings, which are displayed in the galleries, the itineraries of the Vatican Museums include the most important and artistically significant rooms of the Vatican Apostolic Palace, such as the 'Cappella Niccolina' with paintings by Beato Angelico, the 'Appartamento Borgia' with decorations by Pinturicchio, the 'Stanze' painted by Raphael and, of course, the Sistine Chapel with frescoes by Michelangelo as well as the most important 15th century masters from Umbria and Tuscany."



University of Virginia Library Digital Collections


UVA is one of the major pioneers in the world of electronic texts. It archives thousands of texts in a wide variety of languages and subjects, many of which are freely available online.


Early Modern Texts

"Here are versions of some classics of early modern philosophy, prepared with a view to making them easier to read while leaving intact the main arguments, doctrines, and lines of thought." This site includes texts by: Bacon, Berkeley, Descartes, Hobbes, Hume, Kant, Leibniz, Locke, Malebranche, Mill, Reid, and Spinoza. Maintained by

Jonathan F. Bennett.


Internet Encyclopaedia of Philosophy

Edited by James Fieser (University of Tennessee at Martin), the Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy is a growing collection of articles on many figures and topics; it seeks contributions from professional philosophers.



Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy

Edited by Edward N. Zalta (Stanford University), the Stanford Encyclopedia is a 'dynamic' encyclopedia of philosophy that is responsive to new research -- authors have ftp access to their entries to keep them up-to-date and a select Board of Editors monitors and referees all entries and updates.



Confessions of Augustine: An Electronic Edition



This site offers the text of the Confessions in Latin, with extensive critical commentary by Prof. James O'Donnell. For advanced students.


Project Wittenberg

"Project Wittenberg is home to works by and about Martin Luther and other Lutherans. Here you will find all manner of texts from short quotations to commentaries, hymns to statements of faith, theological treatises to biographies, and links to other places where words and images from the history of Lutheranism live." Maintained by the Rev. Bob Smith.


Wesley Center for Applied Theology


Maintained at Northwest Nazarene College. Includes electronic versions of many works by John Wesley and other Holiness Tradition authors.


John Paul II

John Paul II: The Millenial Pope

This web site outlines the contents of a public television documentary on Pope John Paul II, Karol Wojtyla.


Papal Encyclicals Online


"Your guide to online Papal and other official documents of the Catholic Church." This site offers a very extensive collection of links to texts published by Roman Catholic Popes and Church Councils.


Ethics Updates

Maintained by Lawrence M. Hinman, Professor of Philosophy at the University of San Diego. An extensive gathering of links in various theoretical and applied categories.


Making of America


"Making of America (MOA) is a digital library of primary sources in American social history from the antebellum period through reconstruction. The collection is particularly strong in the subject areas of education, psychology, American history, sociology, religion, and science and technology. The collection contains approximately

1,600 books and 50,000 journal articles with 19th century imprints. The project represents a major collaborative endeavor in preservation and electronic access to historical texts." Maintained at the University of Michigan.


Religion and the Founding of the American Republic

An exhibit organized by the Library of Congress, which tells the story of religion in America from the time of the first white settlers to c.1840.


National Museum of the American Indian

"The Smithsonian's National Museum of the American Indian is dedicated to the preservation, study, and exhibition of the life, languages, literature, history, and arts of Native Americans. Established by an Act of Congress in 1989, the museum works in collaboration with the Native peoples of the Western Hemisphere to protect and foster their cultures by reaffirming traditions and beliefs, encouraging contemporary artistic expression, and empowering the Indian voice. The museum's collections span more than 10,000 years of Native heritage, from ancient stone Clovis points to modern silkscreen prints. About 70 percent of the one million objects in the collections represent cultures in the United States and Canada; 30 percent represent cultures in Mexico and Central and South America."


Perspective on the world of Jesus

Into His Own: Perspective on the World of Jesus

This site offers a wealth of information about the social, political, and historical context in which Jesus and the early Christians lived.

Maintained by Mahlon Smith at Rutgers University.


Interdisciplinary Encyclopaedia of Religion and Science

Religion and Science

"This Interdisciplinary Encyclopaedia is intended to provide new scholarly articles in the rapidly-growing international field of Religion and Science. These articles were written primarily by European authors and are available here for the first time in English translation. They offer a unique window into the approaches and perspectives of the European community towards what has become a field of immense cultural significance throughout the world. Each article provides a very readable and comprehensive summary of what is currently being discussed in religion and science on a specific topic as well as how these topics were discussed historically." The articles are written primarily from a Roman Catholic point of view.


D. Anthony Storm's Commentary on Kierkegaard


"This web site is primarily devoted to developing an online commentary on the writings of the nineteenth century existentialist philosopher Søren Aabye Kierkegaard. Also provided are an introduction to Kierkegaard's method of authorship (including a secondary essay) and a Primer on Kierkegaardian Motifs, which serves as an introduction to his thought. Other resources include a brief biography of his life, a chronology, a bibliography, images, and links." A very well organized and thorough site.


Rome in the Year 320

Rome Reborn

This site presents visitors with a 3-D tour through what Rome probably looked like in the year 320.



"A four-hour exploration into the richness, the complexities and the controversies of the Mormons' story as told through interviews with members of the church, leading writers and historians, and supporters and critics of the Mormon faith." A PBS documentary web site.