«Knowledge» is a vague concept for two reasons.
First because the meaning of a word is always more or less vague except in logic
and pure mathematics; and second, because all that we count as knowledge is in
greater or less degree uncertain, and there is no way of deciding how much
uncertainty makes a belief unworthy to be called «knowledge», any more than how
much loss of hair makes a man bald"[...] The correct definition of «knowledge»
need not concern us at the moment, what concerns us now is belief. (I)
Human Knowledge London, Allen & Urwin.
It is possible to stay close
to experience in the study of place and yet retain the philosophical ideal of
systematic knowledge? The answer is yes, and the key to such an approach lies in
the nature of experience (5: 151)
5. YI-FU TUAN(A975) «Place: An Experiential Perspective», The Geographical
Review, LXV, 2, 151-165.
Abstracts of the papers
Power Point presentations that were given at the conference
"The illiterate of the 21st century will not be those who
cannot read and write, but those who cannot learn, unlearn, and relearn".
How to Eradicate
Illiteracy without Eradicating Illiterates?
by Munir Fasheh
Economics, Science and Knowledge: Polanyi vs. Hayek
by Philip Mirowski
Polanyi vs. Hayek, by Philip Mirowski
The relationship between
Friedrich Hayek and Michael Polanyi is documented and explored with respect
to philosophy and economics. Their respective positions on epistemology and
science are shown to fundamentally
govern their differences
with regard to the efficacy of government policy with regard to the economy
Knowledge Creation, and Decision Making:
Organizational Knowing as Emergent Strategy
of Information Studies
of Information Studies
The problem of Fit between Ecosystems and Institutions
Cognitive State of an Individual
Interpretation under Ambiguity
by Peter Norvig, University of
This paper is concerned with the problem of
semantic and pragmatic interpretation of sentences. We start with a standard
strategy for interpretation, and show how problems relating to ambiguity can
confound this strategy, leading us to a more complex strategy. We start with
the simplest of strategies:
Access to Learning for Development
Organized by the Commonwelth of
Learning and the University of London
International Development Goals
Education for all.
Children and young people,
social justice and governance.
Learning and Evaluation
Learning and development
purpose of this guide is to provide practical support and guidance for
human resource and learning and development practitioners to effectively
evaluate their agency's learning and development.
The ability to identify logical
fallacies in the arguments of others, and to avoid them in one’s own
arguments, is both valuable and increasingly rare. Fallacious reasoning
keeps us from knowing the truth, and the inability to think critically
makes us vulnerable to manipulation by those skilled in the art of
rhetoric. A logical fallacy is, roughly speaking, an error of reasoning.
When someone adopts a position, or tries to persuade someone else to
adopt a position, based on a bad piece of reasoning, they commit a
Organizational Knowledge as Emergent Strategy
Exploring the universe of knowledge
Society / Nature / People / Science / History
is a collaborative, computer-supported House Organ
journal published by EMTF.
In order to support the process of collaborative work,
contributors with different backgrounds and living in
different regions of the world
to EG focus on essays, reviews, debates and interviews about
educational issues and their related subjects. It is aimed at
keen or studious readers all over the world. Contributions made
by representatives of the various fields of knowledge are