NAFTA & Political Economy of Immigration (Collin Harris)

European authorities taking advantage of "crisis" to enact regressive "reforms" (Mark Weisbrot)

How social equality influence economic growth: Lessons from East Asia and Latin America, por Xuhua Zhang.
Al estudiar la distribución de renta se concluye que el grado de desigualdad social no es significativamente mayor en Latinoamérica que en Asia Oriental. Se analiza cómo las características de la desigualdad social afectan al desarrollo económico en múltiples aspectos.

What Every Progressive Christian Should Know About the Tobacco Industry by Graham Kelder

The tobacco industry likes to portray itself as just another American business, but the facts point to precisely the opposite conclusion. The author suggests what individuals can do to curb the tobacco industry.

  1. Andre Gunder Frank: The Underdevelopment of Development

    This autobio/bibliographical essay is a draft of chapter 2 of the 18 chapter festschrift THE UNDERDEVELOPMENT OF DEVELOPMENT: ESSAYS IN HONOUR OF ANDRE ...

    The development of underdevelopment - From Volume 18, 1966 ...

    The development of underdevelopment - From Volume 18, 1966, Monthly Review reprint from Monthly Review provided by Find Articles

What Every Progressive Christian Should Know About the Tobacco Industry by Graham Kelder

The tobacco industry likes to portray itself as just another American business, but the facts point to precisely the opposite conclusion. The author suggests what individuals can do to curb the tobacco industry.



Monopoly Capital and the New Globalization
by John Bellamy Foster

Taking Exams, Taking on Capitalism, by Margaret Mikesell Tabb, Kathryn Cressida Tabb, and William K. Tabb

Wealth Gap Woes, by Jerry Kloby

Marx’s Ecology: Materialism and Nature, by John Bellamy Foster

This is No Recession: It’s a Planned Demolition , by Mike Whitney - 2009-08-12
The Federal Reserve Knew that a Financial Crash was Coming
"Blowing Bubbles" and "Using Palliatives" which "Make Things Worse", - by Washington's Blog - 2009-08-02


      How Carnivore Works


            Not nice....not at all nice By Thomas C Greene in Washington DC

               The FBI's notorious Internet traffic sniffer Carnivore includes a handy, idiot-proof GUI interface enabling nosey Feds to capture and examine a broad range of what passes through, from headers alone to full-bore content retrieval, which is pictured in the Justice Department's final assessment from the IIT Research Institute and the Illinois Institute of Technology Chicago-Kent College of Law (IITRI).


Fatal Indifference

   The G8, Africa, and Global Health by Ronald Labonte, Ted Schrecker, David Sanders y Wilma Meeus
               University of Cape Town Press/IDRC 2004
               ISBN 1-91971-384-0
               e-ISBN 1-55250-130-2

      For most of the past century, the spread of mysterious, frightening diseases is something that has occurred mostly in poorer parts of the planet. Now that it is identified as primarily a ‘Third World’, especially African, condition, AIDS has briefly managed to make it to the highest level of political agendas, including the UN Security Council. But all in all, the G8 countries under scrutiny in this book have for decades lived as though immune to at least two of the biblical scourges – famine and pestilence.

Globalization, Health and Development: The Right Prescription? 2004
Macroeconomic Policy, Structural Adjustment and Debt Relief 2004
Health and Health Systems 2004
Education 2004
Nutrition, Food Security and Biotechnology 2004
Official Development Assistance 2004
Trade and Market Access 2004
Environment 2004
Equity, Health and NEPAD: A Case Study 2004
Promises Kept and Broken, Right or Wrong 2004
Epilogue 2004

References: Part 1. 2004

Appendix 1: G7 and G8 Health-Related Commitments Matrix: 1999–2001 2004
Appendix 2: Data Tables 2004
Appendix 3: NEPAD’s Health Commitments 2004

Commentary, by Timothy Garton Ash.

     China's economic success may soon bring trouble. It would be ours too.

     2009 brings hard choices over the future of capitalism.

The Third World at Home, By Noam Chomsky (1993)

Studies of public opinion bring out other strands.  A June 1992 Gallup poll found that 75% of the population do not expect life to improve for the next generation of Americans--not too surprising, given that real wages have been dropping for 20 years, with an accelerated decline under Reaganite
"conservatism," which also managed to extend the cloud over the college-educated.

Wage-Labor & Capital, by Karl Marx


European University Institute

    Florence, Italy



Regional Wage and Employment Responses to Market Potential in the EU

    The Dixit-Stiglit-Krugman model of monopolistic competition with trade costs is the foundation of new economic geography models.

The 3rd world view: 09/01/2003 - 10/01/2003

    By Joseph E. Stiglit, a Nobel laureate in economics, is Professor of Economics at Columbia University and was Chairman of the Council of Economic Advisers ...


The Impact of Structural Adjustment on Smallholders



    Social Policy in a Development Context

    Some research questions for a comparative study of the Latin American Countries, by Manuel Riesco.

Université Libre de Bruxelles and ECARE

    Review based on the "Handbook  of Development Economics" by Jean Waelbroeck



    The Shapiro and Stiglitz (1984) efficiency wage model. 5. The resulting model. allows us to make predictions on the conditional effect of wages and labour ...

The 3rd world view



    The Bush black hole By Joseph E. Stiglitz, a Nob... THATS WHAT YOU GET FOR KILLING TIGERS A Bangla... ARMED FORCES FOR PEACEKEEPING "In Peace or in W.. ...

Kicking Away the Ladder, By Ha-Joon Chang

    The "Real" History of Free Trade


The Research Agenda: Peter Howitt on Schumpeterian Growth Theory

    Economic Dynamics


Capitalism and the Factory System

    Axel Leijonhufvud, "Capitalism and the Factory System," in R. N. Langlois, ed., Economic as a Process: Essays in the New Institutional Economics. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1986, pp. 203-223.


Why Some Countries Are Rich, Some Poor , The Press, June 19, 1999

    Denis Dutton


Forum of Science and Women

    Symposium II. Sustainable Bioresource Development : Women Beneficiaries. By Dr. Revathi Balakrishnan,FAO Regional Office for Asia and Pacific, Bangkok. National Science Congress: India

Capitalist communist:

     How a poetic Marxist has transformed business prospects in West Bengal



                    Adam Smith: The Wealth of Nations



        An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations

Economic Geographies: Place, Politics and Production in Agrarian Development

Wendy Wolford ,
    Office: 843-4762 Spring 2004
        The Graham Memorial Building, room 038

        “The WTO Kills Farmers”

            (Slogan of South Korean farmer Lee Kyung-hae who stabbed himself to death at the Cancún WTO meetings, September 2003)

        “Population must always be kept down to the level of the means of subsistence.”

            (Thomas R. Malthus in his 1798 Essay of the Principle of Population)


Capital: A Critique of Political Economy.  London: Penguin Books, 1990. (Part Eight, "The Secret of Primitive Accumulation and The Expropriation of the Agricultural Population from the Land, pp. 873 - 896).

    Further reading: "The Social Basis of Economic Development," R.Brenner, in J. Roemer ed.  Analytical Marxism.  Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1986 (23 - 53).

Robert Brenner. "Agrarian class structure and economic development in pre-industrial Europe,"

Vladimir Lenin.  Preliminary Draft Theses: On The Agrarian Question (For The Second Congress Of The Communist International), in Lenin’s Collected Works, 4th English Edition, Progress Publishers, Moscow, 1965, Volume 31, pages 152-164.

Josef Stalin.  The Agrarian Question.  From J. V. Stalin, Works,  Foreign Languages Publishing House, Moscow, 1954 [1906], Vol. 1, pp. 216-31.

Alec Nove.  "Ideology and Agriculture," in Soviet Studies, Vol. 17, No. 4. (Apr., 1966), pp. 397-407.

Lynne Viola.  "Bab'i Bunty and Peasant Women's Protest during Collectivization," in Russian Review, Vol. 45, No. 1. (Jan., 1986), pp. 23-42.

Vladimir Lenin (1933). Imperialism: The Highest Stage of Capitalism: A Popular Outline.

Samir Amin World Poverty, Pauperization & Capital Accumulation, in Monthly Review, October 2003.Philip McMichael. "Global food politics," in Monthly Review, July-August, 1998. Vandana Shiva: "The Real Reasons for Hunger"  & "Globalization and Poverty," in Resurgence, 202 (delivered in 2000).

Amartya Sen."Ingredients of Famine Analysis: Availability and Entitlements," in The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Vol. 96, No. 3. (Aug., 1981), pp. 433-464.

Michael Watts."Entitlements or empowerment? Famine and starvation in Africa,"in Review of African Political Economy; (1991) Vol. 18 Issue 51.

James Petras.  "The New Revolutionary Peasantry: The growth of peasant-led opposition to neoliberalism," October 1998 (Petras essays in english).

Lost compass, Nov 15th 2007. From The Economist , print edition

    An "Islamic" car

        A stumbling manufacturer plans an “Islamic” car

            MALAYSIA'S struggling national carmaker, Proton, claimed this week to have identified a huge gap in the world's car market. It believes there is demand for an “Islamic” car.




The Standard of Living during the Industrial Revolution, by E. J. Hobsbawm and R. M. Hartwell

THE DEBATE on the British people's standard of living in the early industrial period, which had for some time been dormant, was revived in the later 1950's and has continued briskly ever since. To be more precise, what had established itself as a virtual academic orthodoxy in Britain, the optimistic view associated with Sir John Clapham and T. S. Ashton, was sharply challenged, and a number of students have since attempted to rebut or to come to terms with this challenge. The debate has perhaps continued long enough for one of the challengers to survey the battlefield. which is less confused than a casual reading of the relevant literature might suggest. This is the object of the present article

Corporate governance in America

    Shareholder rights and wrongs 

        Another victory for bosses over shareholdersNov 29th 2007


The Bank of the South

    Bolivarian finance 

        The IMF can sleep easy, The Economist, Dec 13th 2007



    Pisa 2006. Results

        Science Learning. Canada


China's markets

    Flashing red 

        Sooner or later, the world’s hottest market will burn up (The Economist, Dec 29th 2007)



    Macroeconomic Volatility and Development


    Weaponomics: The Global Market for Assault Rifles
        Phillip Killicoat


    Will Markets Direct Investments under the Kyoto Protocol?
        Donald F. Larson and Gunnar Breustedt


    Improving Access to Finance
Thorsten Beck, Asli Demirgüç-Kunt, and Maria Soledad Martinez Peria


   Who Gets Debt Relief?
   Nicolas Depetris Chauvin and Aart Kraay


Economic Dynamics

    Agenda, Volume 3, Issue 2, April 2002

       The Research Agenda: Peter Howitt on Schumpeterian Growth Theory


Sustainable Development, Scientific Development and the Development of Peasant Farmers

            By Bertrand HERVIEU, Secretary General, Centre international de Hautes Etudes Agronomiques Méditerranéennes (CIHEAM) - 11 rue Newton - 75116 PARIS (France). Email:


Declaration of Alexander II Emancipating the Serfs (March 3, 1861)

Readings in Modern European History, James Harvey Robinson and Charles Beard, eds., vol. 2 (Boston:Ginn and Company, 1908), pp. 348-252


    Emancipation of the Serfs

As we consider the various classes of which the State is composed, we are convinced that the laws of our empire which have wisely provided for the upper and middle classes, and have fixed with precision their rights and obligations, have not reached the same degree of success in relation to the peasants bound to the soil, who, either through ancient laws or custom, have been hereditarily subjected to the authority of the landlords. Indeed, the rights of landowners over their serfs have hitherto been very extensive and very imperfectly defined by the laws, which have been supplemented by tradition, custom, and the good will of the landlords.


       How GM Soya is Damaging Argentina

Is the Trilateral Commission the secret organization that runs the world?

       The Trilateral  Comission  (November 6, 1987)


Trilateral Comission Members  April 10, 2003.








Educational Gazette


The Educational Gazette(EG) is a collaborative, computer-supported House Organ journal published by EMTF. In order to support the process of collaborative work, contributors  with different backgrounds and living in different regions of the world are welcome.

Contributions to EG focus on essays, reviews, debates and interviews about educational issues and their related subjects. It is aimed at keen or studious readers all over the world. Contributions made by representatives of the various fields of knowledge are welcome.

        Contact us: