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News and Blog Headlines

 

Will supercomputing intelligences outsmart human-level intelligence?, March 18, 2011  http://www.kurzweilai.net

    http://www.kurzweilai.net/will-supercomputing-intelligences-outsmart-human-level-intelligence? 

Three panelists presented alternate views on the Singularity at the SXSW conference in Austin this week, and blogger Michael Anissimov neatly summarized them. A few excerpts: Natasha Vita-More: “The very same technology that proposes to build superintelligences could also dramatically enhance human cognition…. The coincidental and subsequent developments of inventive projects arrived at through digital … more…

 

New app displays the latest earthquakes worldwide

Earthquake Lite, a free iPhone/Android app, displays global seismic activity and lists of events that you can filter by location, magnitude, and time, writes blogger Bob Tedeschi. For example, the app listed nine significant tremors near Japan’s east coast, and one in western China for the week of March 14. You can sort the list … more…

 

Diamond-based quantum cryptography and quantum computation

Quantum pen for single atoms is step toward large-scale quantum computing

 

Wearable scanner opens new frontier in neuroscience

A tiny wearable positron emission tomography (PET) scanner has been used to track chemical activity in the brains of unrestrained animals while an animal behaves naturally; it could be modified for people. By revealing neurological circuitry as the subjects perform normal tasks, researchers say, the technology could greatly broaden the understanding of learning, addiction, depression, … more…

 

How an MP3 can be used to hack your car

 

The megaquake connection: Are huge earthquakes linked?

The recent cluster of huge quakes around the Pacific Ocean has fueled speculation that they are seismically linked. The December 2004 Sumatra quake, the February 2010 Chile quake, and now, Sendai have struck in just over six years. This presents a horrifying possibility: that there is a link between these megaquakes and that, as a … more…

 

Some blind people ‘see’ spatially with their ears

The visual cortex, the part of the brain that normally works with our eyes to process vision and space perception, can rewire itself to process sound information instead, Dr. Olivier Collignon of the University of Montreal’s Saint-Justine Hospital Research Centre and Dr. Franco Lepore of the Centre for Research in Neuropsychology and Cognition have found. … more…

 

Biosensors on the fast track

The Food & Drug Administration has teamed up with the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) to help accelerate the development and approval of innovative devices for continuously monitoring biomarkers in people. Biomarkers can serve as early warning signs of disease — such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and influenza — before symptoms occur, ideally in real time. … more…

 

How spooky is Foursquare?

 

Is anything nuclear ever really super safe, small and simple?

The Japanese nuclear accidents come down to the simple fact that nobody back in the 1960s designed nuclear plants to run for 40 years, then go through an 8.9 earthquake, says blogger Robert Cringely. Japan now needs increased generating capacity fast. Toshiba’s 4S (Super Safe Small and Simple) reactor cores are like nuclear building blocks, … more…

 

Implantable sensor tracks cancer in the body

Researchers led by Michael Cima at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology have developed a tumor-tracking capsule small enough to fit inside a needle to implant in the body during a biopsy. Magnetic nanoparticles fill the capsule’s hollow interior, each sporting a few monoclonal antibodies. These are proteins engineered to bind to molecules of interest, such as … more…

 

Large Hadron Collider could be world’s first time machine

Nano-size spirals could lead to better memory chips

 

A radical alternative to nuclear reactors

With deterioration of the nuclear reactor situation in Japan and radiation heading for Tokyo — in one extreme Pentagon scenario, catastrophic meltdowns and megadeaths in Japan, according to a source — many scientists are ramping up the search for alternates to earthquake-vulnerable nuclear power. “The Japanese Government has dissembled regarding the gravity of the failure … more…

 

Nanorods could greatly improve visual display of information

New desalination process uses carbon nanotubes

Using quantum methods to read classical memories

Quake sparks tech supply shortage concerns

Are you prone to mind control?

Google’s Crisis Response page

 

Team may have found lost city of Atlantis

A team led by University of Hartford professor and archaeologist Richard Freund may have pinpointed the long-sought city of Atlantis somewhere completely unexpected — in a vast marsh in Southern Spain. After identifying the shapes that Plato first described in about 360 BC,  an international team of archaeologists found artifacts and other evidence that points … more…

 

Nuke test sensors could hear tsunamis coming

The Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization monitoring center in Vienna, Austria, a worldwide network of seismographs and other sensors designed to detect nuclear blasts, can be used to provide fast, reliable warnings of earthquakes, says Milton Garces of the University of Hawaii at Manoa. The center spotted the most recent Japanese quakes, and alerted Indonesia and … more…

 

A search engine for the human body

A new search tool developed by researchers at Microsoft indexes medical images of the human body, automatically finding organs and other structures, using 3D medical imagery. CT scans use X-rays to capture many slices through the body that can be combined to create a 3D representation. This is a powerful tool for diagnosis, but it’s … more…

 

Low-power memory from nanotubes

 

Predicting future appearance

A computer program that ages photographic images of people’s faces has been developed by Concordia University’s Department of Computer Science and Software Engineering. Most face-aged images are currently rendered by forensic artists. Although these artists are trained in the anatomy and geometry of faces, they rely on art rather than science. “We pioneered a novel … more…

 

Nanocomposite for high-capacity hydrogen storage

In The Plex: How Google Thinks, Works, and Shapes Our Lives

 

Homo Evolutis

Amazon | There have been at least 25 prototype humans. We are but one more model, and there is no evidence evolution has stopped. So unless you think Rush Limbaugh and Howard Stern are the be all and end all of creation, and it just does not get any better, then one has to ask … more…

 

The Origins of Political Order: From Prehuman Times to the French Revolution by  Francis Fukuyama

Amazon | Virtually all human societies were once organized tribally, yet over time most developed new political institutions which included a central state that could keep the peace and uniform laws that applied to all citizens. Some went on to create governments that were accountable to their citizens. We take these institutions for granted, but … more…

 

Physics of the Future: How Science Will Shape Human Destiny and Our Daily Lives by the Year 2100

Publisher’s Weekly | Kaku (Physics of the Impossible), a professor of physics at the CUNY Graduate Center, gathers ideas from more than 300 experts, scientists, and researchers at the cutting edge of their fields, to offer a glimpse of what the next 100 years may bring. The predictions all conform to certain ground rules (e.g., “Prototypes … more…

 

IBM’s Top Five Predictions for 2015  http://www.kurzweilai.net

http://www.kurzweilai.net/ibms-top-five-predictions-for-2015

December 24, 2010 by Editor
     IBM has unveiled its fifth annual “Next Five in Five” — five technology innovations that have the potential to change the way people work, live and play over the next five years:

EUROSCIENCE: The voice of science in Europe


        EUROSCIENCE has been responsible since 1999 for the attribution of the  Rammal Award created in memory of the great Lebanese physicist, Rammal. RAMMAL (1951-1991).
 

Latest Science & Technology News

      

         Physorg

 

               

Economics, Science and Knowledge: Polanyi vs. Hayek  by Philip Mirowski

  Polanyi vs. Hayek, by Philip Mirowski

ABSTRACT

The relationship between Friedrich Hayek and Michael Polanyi is documented and explored with respect to philosophy and economics. Their respective positions on epistemology and science are shown to fundamentally

govern their differences with regard to the efficacy of government policy with regard to the economy

Guido of Arezzo (Guido Aretinus).

    The Hand of Guido

A monk of the Order of St. Benedict, b. (according to Dom Morin in the "Revue de l'art Chretien", 1888, iii) near Paris c. 995; d. at Avellano, near Arezzo, 1050. He invented the system of staff-notation still in use, and rendered various other services to the progress of musical art and  science. He was educated by and became a member of the Benedictine Order in the monastery of St. Maur des Fosses, near Paris.[...]

          Science and the Church

European Research
    Citizens and Governance In a Knowledge Based Society

 Socio-Biosphere, by Peter Espeut

 

         

MAN IN HARMONY WITH NATURE  A socio-biosphere is a defined geographical area of land, water and atmosphere containing human, animal and plant organisms, which function as balanced and sustainable interactive socio-ecosystems.  Socio-biospheres should function harmoniously with adjacent socio-biospheres. 

Thomas Kuhn

Thomas Samuel Kuhn (1922-1996) became the one of most influential philosophers of science of the twentieth century, perhaps the most influential—his The Structure of Scientific Revolutions is one of the most cited academic books of all time. His contribution to the philosophy science marked not only a break with several key positivist doctrines but also inaugurated a new style of philosophy of science that brought it much closer to the history of science. His account of the development of science held that science enjoys periods of stable growth punctuated by revisionary revolutions, to which he added the controversial ‘incommensurability thesis’, that theories from differing periods suffer from certain deep kinds of failure of comparability.

International Center for Theoretical Physics

    ICTP

           

        Brief history of ICTP

"Scientific thought is the common heritage of mankind." This sentiment, often expressed by ICTP's founder and long-time director, Abdus Salam, has inspired the Centre since its inception in 1964. Created during the Cold War in the heart of Europe, a continent separated by the iron curtain, ICTP provided a rare line of communication between scientists from the East and West.

 

         

The Story of Light and People        

 

      NOAA

NOAA is an agency that enriches life through science.  Our reach goes from the surface of the sun to the depths of the ocean floor as we work to keep citizens informed of the changing environment around them.

Astronomy (1)

Astronomy (2)

Astronomical Sites

 


 

 

 

       Biology

          The Biological Resources Discipline (BRD) of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) works with others to provide the scientific understanding and technologies needed to support the sound management and conservation of our Nation's biological resources.

       Geography

          USGS Geography confronts some of the most pressing natural resource and environmental issues of our Nation. Observing the Earth with remote sensing satellites, USGS geographers monitor and analyze changes on the land, study connections between people and the land, and provide society with relevant science information to inform public decisions.
        Geology

        USGS Geology efforts address major societal issues that involve geologic hazards and disasters, climate variability and change, energy and mineral resources, ecosystem and human health, and ground-water availability.  We characterize the geological landscape and also provide the Nation with fundamental geochemical and geophysical data necessary to address these issues. Learn about our science strategy and see how we are working on determining our strategy for the next decade.                Geospatial information

        The National Geospatial Program provides leadership for USGS geospatial coordination, production and service activities. The Program engages partners to develop standards and produce consistent and accurate data through its Geospatial Liaison Network. Operational support is provided by the National Geospatial Technical Operations Center. These and other Program activities that are essential to the National Spatial Data Infrastructure (NSDI) are managed as a unified portfolio that benefits geospatial information users throughout the Nation.

 

Socio-cognitive Relativism

In many postmodern attempts to understand scientific practice socio-cognitive relativism is no longer an issue for debate; it has become a foundational premise for an allegedly correct approach to understanding method and history. Contrasted with the traditional belief in the existence of a single, transferable, inevitably progressive scientific method, and the traditional epistemological project of a reflective distillation of rational rules from successful practice -- rules which will serve as normative prescriptions for future success(1) -- we are asked to see science as an "empty label" for a diverse collection of methodologies, as a contingent "knowledge-making game," as a set of "discourses" engendered by prior ideological commitments and social interests, and a collection of narratives put into service primarily as post hoc rationalizations of these commitments and interests.