The Argentine Republic
Indigenous groups demand plurinational
Argentinian Soundscapes, November 1994, R.
Schafer is a Canadian composer and writer well known for his
Tuning of the World, a history of the sonic environment, or
soundscape (see EAP, 3, 1, 7-9). Schafer
regularly gives lectures and workshops on sound education throughout the
world. The following is an extract from an account describing
his lecture and teaching experiences in
Buenos Aires, Argentina on a visit in 1994.
"November 4, 1994 Buenos Aires.
Spacious apartment thirteen stories up on the Avenida Pueyrredon
waiting to be taken to my first lecture. Subject: El paisaje sonoro [soundscape].
A good display of it below the window. I counted 350 car horns over a one-hour
period this afternoon".
Indigenous people of South America
"In the Andes, Nurturance is at the Very Heart of Life"
The indigenous peoples (aboriginal peoples) of South America are
found from the Isthmus of Panama to Tierra del Fuego. An estimated
30 million people were living there when the Europeans arrived. In
the Andean region extensive remains show developed cultures at
Chavín de Huántar and among the Paracas in Peru. The Mochica, Chimu,
and Nazca in Peru, the Chibcha and Aymara of the Andes, and the
Mapuches of Chile had socially complex pre-Columbian cultures,
surpassed only by the Inca.
Language of the Month - Babel Babble –
or mapudungun is an indigenous language
spoken by the mapuche people who live in Southern
Chile and Argentina. It has approximately a half
million speakers. According to standard
classification, Mapuche belongs to the Araucano
sub-family (Araucano family Chon) of the Andean
group, Andean-equatorial branch. It is not widely
related to any other language in South America.
Blacks in Argentina
H I S T O R Y N O T E S
BLACKS IN ARGENTINA: DISAPPEARING ACTS
By HISHAM AIDI
- February 24, 2005 - The New York Sun
Roughly 200 years ago, two countries
in the Americas declared their independence from
their colonial masters. Both had abundant land,
natural resources, good ports, a temperate climate -
seemingly all the makings of a great nation.
Argentina: Governnance in Crisis,
Alexander Haslam, FOCAL Senior Analyst
Although the origins of the crisis were to be found
in poor economic policy decisions that led to a
devaluation, its dramatic denouement in December
2001 and subsequent development over the course of
were deeply conditioned by political factors. The
Argentine crisis was and remains a crisis of
governance in the most
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