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Year 2009




Canadian Conference of Catholic Bishops

Comment on questions concerning views expressed by Bishop Richard Williamson, 29 January 2009

In response to questions that have been received regarding statements concerning the Holocaust (Shoah) by Bishop Richard Williamson, a member of the Society of Saint Pius X. (Same article in French)




       Obama's grand narrative may unite his country but divide the world. His chances of remaking America are good. Restoring US leadership in a multipolar global system will be harder (By Garton Ash, The Guardian)


Marxism as a Science: Refuting Karl Popper,

Now, in this connection, I want to speak to the attempt by Karl Popper to discredit and attack Marxism.1 Popper claims that Marxism is not a science because it is not falsifiable. Or to put it another way, Popper asserts that Marxism is in effect a religious worldview, which makes historical prophecies; and when, as Popper asserts, these “prophecies” turn out to be false—when reality turns out differently than what has been “prophesied” by Marxism—then Marxists simply invent rationalizations to explain away the failure of their “prophecy.”




Hannah Arendt and Jean Baudrillard: Pedagogy in the consumer society

     Hannah Arendt (1906-1975) es considerada una de los más originales  y provocativos filósofos de posguerra

     We are, as it seems, considering not only how a city, but also a luxurious city, comes into being... Let’s look at a feverish city… This healthy one isn’t adequate any more, but must already be gorged with a bulky mass of things. Republic Book II, 372e-373b.

We can’t let the terrorists stop us from shopping. George Bush, September 2001.




Analysis: Climate talks a halting step toward goal, By CHARLES J. HANLEY (AP) – Dec 17, 2009. December 17, 2009

COPENHAGEN — The Copenhagen climate conference "failed" long before it even opened. It may not "succeed" until long after it ends. For the moment, then, negotiators must satisfy themselves with something in between, an "outcome," one whose shape Thursday was in the hands of the United States and China. (enviado por Ricardo L. Plaul)


As countries attempt to close two weeks of talks today, the atmosphere in Copenhagen has reached a level of tension difficult to explain to those not here. You’ve seen some of the headlines by now. The initial sticking points remain the same, such as China and the United States finding common ground -- or failing to. The outcome is still unknown.

John Anthony (sent to Ricardo Luis Plaul
Communications Director, Energy & Climate
Sent to Emilia Mª Trevisi Foundation by Ricardo Luis Plaul, Argentina.




William Henry Hudson 

   http://www.absoluteastronomy.com/topics/William_Henry_Hudson (en Inglés)

Hispanic American Center for Economic Research - A revival of Argentina's Thoreau


      If Reuben Ravera has his way, one day his museum will be a destination for culture tourists, like the Café Tortoni, jammed these days with Americans, Europeans, and Japanese eager to be in a place where the great Jorge Luis Borges hung his hat.

Mr. Ravera's task is as hard as rocks. Unlike Borges, whose fame seems brighter today than when he was alive, the name William Henry Hudson doesn't sit on the lips of the literati, local or foreign.

Words Wthout Borders: With Borges  by Alberto Manguel

[Borges] loved the German language. He taught it to himself at the age of seventeen in Switzerland, during the long nights of curfew imposed by the war, reading his way through the poems of Heine. "Once you know the meaning of Nachtigall, Liebe, Herz, you can read Heine without the help of a dictionary," he said. And he enjoyed the possibilities German allowed of making up words, as Goethe's Nebelglanz, "the glimmer of the fog." He would let the words resound in the room: "Füllest wieder Busch und Thal still mit Nebelglanz *€¦." He praised the transparency of the language, and he reproached Heidegger for having invented what he called "an incomprehensible dialect of German."




Nocturnal Ethnographies: Following Cortázar in the Milongas of Buenos Aires


[…] Milongas, in the current tango lexicon, are the tango joints--a space and a time when and where tango bodies get together to produce tanguidad (tanguity, tango-ness). They are the physical site of the corporeal, temporary encounter of the practitioners of the tango dance. The milongas of Buenos Aires are a slippery landscape. They are invisible to eyes untrained in tango and elusive to those who do not keep up with current milonga tips



     The music of Argentina is known mostly for the tango , which developed in Buenos Aires and surrounding areas, as well as Montevideo , Uruguay

Argentina, officially the Argentine Republic , is the second largest country in South America, constituted as a federation of 23 provinces and an autonomous city, Buenos Aires. It is the eighth largest country in the world by land area and the largest among Spanish-speaking nations, though Mexico,...

Uruguay , is a country located in the southeastern part of South America. It is home to 3.46 million people, of whom 1.1 million live in the capital Montevideo and its metropolitan area. An estimated 88–94% of the population are of mostly European and/or mixed descent.

Folk , pop and classical music are also popular, and Argentine artists like Mercedes Sosa  and Atahualpa Yupanqui  contributed greatly to the development of nueva canción . Argentine rock has also led to a defiant rock  scene in Argentina. Folk music  called música folklórica or folklore in Spanish, from transliteration of the English folklore  


Andean Music, the Left, and Pan-Latin Americanism: The Early History (en inglés)

www.cilam.ucr.edu/diagonal/issues/2006/Rios.pdf , Fernando Rios (University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign)

    In late 1967, future Nueva Canción (“New Song”) superstars Quilapayún debuted in Paris amid news of Che Guevara’s capture in Bolivia. The ensemble arrived in France with little fanfare. Quilapayún was not well-known at this time in Europe or even back home in Chile, but nonetheless the ensemble enjoyed a favorable reception in the French capital.


Domenico Zipoli Italian musician


[…] he started a three months crossing bound for Rio of Plata (in Argentina). After a violent storm he and the others disembarked in July at Buenos Aires, and after 15 days set out for Cordoba. By 1724 he had completed with distinction the required three years each of philosophy and theology at the Jesuit Colegio Maximo and university in Cordoba. He continued his musical activities, as organist, choirmaster and printer, which may have delayed the completion of his studies. He was ready to receive priest's orders in 1725, but died (of tuberculosis) without them for lack of a bishop in Cordoba to ordain him that year.


Music and Politics


   Toward a Political Anthropology of Mission Sound: Paraguay in the 17th and 18th Centuries GUILLERMO WILDETranslated from the

  Spanish by Eric Ederer

       Any consideration of pre-Enlightenment art, particularly music, presents similar difficulties to taking on any of the so-called “aesthetic experiences” of non-Western societies. The globalizing concept of “aesthetics” inevitably becomes entangled with other notions of greater historical and ideological charge that configure a contemporary worldview—artistic individuality, creative will, and “the work of art,” among others.




Indigenous people of South America

"In the Andes, Nurturance is at the Very Heart of Life"

The indigenous peoples (aboriginal peoples) of South America are found from the Isthmus of Panama to Tierra del Fuego. An estimated 30 million people were living there when the Europeans arrived. In the Andean region extensive remains show developed cultures at Chavín de Huántar and among the Paracas in Peru. The Mochica, Chimu, and Nazca in Peru, the Chibcha and Aymara of the Andes, and the Araucanos and Mapuches of Chile had socially complex pre-Columbian cultures, surpassed only by the Inca.


Indigenous languages


  Language of the Month - Babel Babble – UniLang mapuche


Mapuche or mapudungun is an indigenous language spoken by the mapuche people who live in Southern Chile and Argentina. It has approximately a half million speakers. According to standard classification, Mapuche belongs to the Araucano sub-family (Araucano family Chon) of the Andean group, Andean-equatorial branch. It is not widely related to any other language in South America.


Blacks in Argentina


   H I S T O R Y   N O T E S





Argentinas Bad Habits - February 24, 2005 - The New York Sun

Roughly 200 years ago, two countries in the Americas declared their independence from their colonial masters. Both had abundant land, natural resources, good ports, a temperate climate - seemingly all the makings of a great nation.


Argentina: Governnance in Crisis, Paul Alexander Haslam, FOCAL Senior Analyst
Executive Summary
Although the origins of the crisis were to be found in poor economic policy decisions that led to a chaotic
devaluation, its dramatic denouement in December 2001 and subsequent development over the course of 2002
were deeply conditioned by political factors. The Argentine crisis was and remains a crisis of governance in the most
profound sense.


Altername Names for Argentine Republic




     The 100 Most Powerful Women - Forbes.com


     The World's Billionaires 2009 - Forbes.com




        The Future of Populist Politics, by  Robert S. Kaplan
        Colorado College's 125th Anniversary Symposium

        Cultures in the 21st Century: Conflicts and Convergences  

        Delivered at Colorado College on February 6, 1999 at 12:00 PM in a discussion forum with the same title.

        Robert S. Kaplan is  Baker Foundation Professor at the Harvard  Business School and chairman, Professional Practice  at Palladium Group, Inc.



Full texts by recognized religious scholars (http://www.religion-online.org/indexbyauthor.asp)

More than 6,000 articles and chapters. Topics include Old and New Testament, Theology, Ethics, History and Sociology of Religion, Communication and Cultural Studies, Pastoral Care, Counseling, Homiletics, Worship, Missions and Religious Education.


James Alison

Violence Undone(1407)

James Alison has lectured and taught throughout the U.S., the United Kingdom and Latin America. His books include The Joy of Being Wrong, Fragments Catholic and Gay and Raising Abel and Undergoing God. They present central Christian claims as deeply engaged with the Catholic theological tradition. This article appeared in The Christian Century, September 5, 2006 pp. 30-35. Copyright by the Christian Century Foundation; used by permission. Current articles and subscriptions information can be found at www.christiancentury.org. This material was prepared for Religion Online by Ted and Winnie Brock.

George Allan

Process Social Philosophy: The Continuing Conversation(4632)

George Allan is Associate Professor of Philosophy and Chairman of the Department at Dickinson College, Carlisle, Pennsylvania, having been educated at Yale. He is a coordinator of the Society for the Study of Process Philosophies. The following article appeared in Process Studies, pp. 241-243, Vol. 15, Number 4, Winter, 1986.

George Allan

Process Philosophy and the Educational Canon(6873)

William Loyd Allen

How Baptists Assessed Hitler(8817)

Mr. Allen teaches church history at Southern Baptist Theological Seminary in Louisville, Kentucky, where he is a doctoral candidate. He is pastor of Rolling Fork Baptist Church in Gleanings. This article appeared in the Christian Century September 1-8, 1982, p. 890. Copyright by the Christian Century Foundation and used by permission

Diogenes Allen

Jesus’ Passion and Ours: To Love Justice Itself(7436)

Diogenes Allen teaches philosophy at Princeton Theological Seminary. This article is excerpted from his contribution to The Truth about Jesus, edited by Donald Armstrong III and published this month (March, 1998) by Eerdmans. His newest book is Love: Christian Romance, Marriage and Friendship (Cowley, 1987).

Diogenes Allen

Liberation from Illusion(7063)

Ronald J. Allen

Creating an Indigenous African Church(9403)

Ronald J. Allen teaches preaching and New Testament at Christian Theological Seminary in Indianapolis. This article appeared in The Christian Century, March 6, 1991, pp .265-269. Copyright by The Christian Century Foundation; used by permission.

Thomas J.J. Altizer

The Gospel of Christian Atheism(56613)

Thomas J. J. Altizer received his Ph.D at the University of Chicago in 1955. He taught at Wabash College from 1954-1956, then moved to Emory University as professor of Bible and Religion until 1968. The "death of God" theology became a heated debate during his professorship at Emory

Stephen Amsden

Progress Toward an Open Church(5566)

Stephen Amsden St. Claire is Minister of The Church of Universal Fellowship, Orono, ME. The following is a transcript, undated, from The Center for Progressive Christianity newsletter.




A new section has been included: JOBS

Theology: What Is It? Who Does It? How Is It Done? by Harvey Cox

How can theologians -- members of a privileged elite -- be the interpreters of a Message which so ringingly challenges all established power and all elites? The answer lies in their recognizing for whom they are doing their theology. The coming of the Kingdom of God through the poor and the disinherited, both inside and outside the church, must provide the theologian's frame of reference. This means that human life in society constitutes the absolute value, and that all religious institutions, all dogmas, all the sacraments and all ecclesiastical authorities have only a relative, that is, a functional value.


Utilitarian Christianity by H. Richard Niebuhr

In the present crisis of mankind, all emphasis seems to be placed on utilitarianism in both science and religion. In religion, to which we want to direct our attention, the growth of the utilitarian spirit is an alarming phenomenon. Utilitarianism seems to mark not only the attitude of the political powers that use religion for the sake of social control and transform it to suit their purposes, but also the attitude of many who oppose them.


Dorothy Dohen’s Reclamation of Virginity by Debra Campbell

The Catholic church’s admonitions to young women to preserve their virginity at all costs consisted chiefly, at least in the past, of dramatic warnings, what one might call "spiritual terrorism," in that all Catholic girls should be willing to die to preserve their virginity, because Catholic educators told them so and because the alternative was unthinkable. A new appreciation of virginity informed by church history and feminist theology is needed.


Four Churches in One: Latin American Catholicism by Robert Jones

There are four churches of Catholicism in Latin America: 1. The escapist faith of nonhuman magical ritual. 2. The traditional church. 3. The progressive church of Vatican II. 4. The church of the liberation theologians: José Míguez Bonino, Juan Segundo, Gustavo Gutiérrez and the rest -- the church of the poor and the dispossessed.


Pope Pius XII and the Nazis by John T. Pawlikowski

The author reviews two books about Pope Pius XII. One is quite critical of the so called "Nazi" pope, the other strongly defense. There is no middle ground between the two authors. Both volumes are part of the current struggle over the possible beatification and canonization of Pius XII.


The Battle for the Catholic Church by Phillip Berryman

The author criticizes the Curia and the pope himself for an attempt to return Catholicism to a pre-Vatican II authoritarian church.


The Christian of the Future by Karl Rahner

(ENTIRE BOOK) A reflection on the nature, limits, and possibilities of change taking place in the Roman Catholic Church during and since the Second Vatican Council.


At the Divine Banquet by Rodney Clapp

Is there no salvation except through Christ? The author suggests we might take a lesson from earlier Christians who did not assume God’s judgment on others, but worried first and foremost about their own shortcomings.


Common Sense Christianity by C. Randolph Ross

(ENTIRE BOOK) A fascinating presentation of sensible answers to many of the questions in the minds of ordinary church people. It is written by a committed Christian who is convinced that much of what the Church has taught as doctrine for most of its twenty centuries is just plain wrong.


Radical Theology and the Death of God by Thomas Altizer and William Hamilton

(ENTIRE BOOK) The aim of the new theology is not simply to seek relevance or contemporaneity for its own sake but to strive for a whole new way of theological understanding. Thus it is a theological venture in the strict sense, but it is no less a pastoral response hoping to give support to those who have chosen to live as Christian atheists.


The Ambiguities of Transcendence by Clyde A. Holbrook

Christianity does not call us to flee to another world, but to hallow this world where we are placed.


The Divine Burden by Ronald Goetz

No one, not even God, can act in this world without bringing unintentional suffering to others. Our innocent good fortune can be the cause of someone else’s grievous disappointments. If God who wills to be involved has created a world in which not even he can act in perfect blamelessness, how can God avoid the accusation of guilt -- ultimate, primordial culpability for all human suffering?


The Escape From God by Paul Tillich

Men of all kinds, prophets and reformers, saints and atheists, believers and unbelievers, have tried to escape God. It is safe to say that a man who has never tried to flee God has never experienced the God Who is really God. When I speak of God, I do not refer to the many gods of our own making, the gods with whom we can Live rather comfortably. For there is no reason to flee a god who is the perfect picture of everything that is good in man.. A god whom we can easily bear, a god from whom we do not have to hide, a god whom we do not hate in moments, a god whose destruction we never desire, is not God at all, and has no reality.




Nullifiers and Insurrectionists: America’s Antigovernment Tradition by Robert Westbrook

The author reviews a book about American’s attitude toward the government. The writer, Garry Wills, offers a catalog of the various forms taken by American distrust of government since the late 18th century, and ventures to debunk the historical myths that have sustained them. He argues for government as a necessary good.


Political Economy and the Economization of Politics by John B. Cobb, Jr.

While economic considerations dominate the political sphere, it should not be applied to the real world in which markets are only one part of the whole of social life. For most people, there are other goals in life besides acquiring goods and services. Values cannot be identified simply with what is desired, and society cannot accept the market alone as the basis for deciding which desires should be fulfilled. The economization of politics is extremely damaging to human society and the natural world, and if the process continues, it will be disastrous.


Religion and Liberty: From Vision to Politics by Michael Novak

The liberty of conscience transcends any and all political orders. Human freedom rooted in God declares that all states and all political orders are under God. States can crush or kill human beings, but they cannot alienate them from their responsibility to God and conscience.


The Old Question: Politics and Religion by Roger Shinn

Churches should be more cautious than individuals or groups of Christians in taking political stands. Christians, especially churches, should be more ready to make pronouncements on issues than on candidates—always recognizing that times come when issues and men are inseparable. Christian judgments should never stem solely from the clergy but should involve lay specialists with skill in public affairs.


Albert Camus: Political Moralist by William F. May

According to William May, Camus rejects political realism in both its conservative and revolutionary forms and summons man to a modesty, an honesty, and a decency that he believes to be within the reach of man—and certainly within the reach of Western man—as it recovers the best in the European revolutionary tradition. Camus argues, man overreaches himself, pretends to one sort of divinity or another, but concludes by justifying the violation of man.


New Politics and Not So New Politics by Amy Sherman

According to Sherman, one of the best things about Jim Wallis' book, The Soul of Politics, is that it calls us to listen to the people who live there as we reflect on the inner city's woes. One of the worst things about the book is that the author seems unwilling to hear all that they have to say. In his emphasis on the injustice of the system he allows the poor to escape taking personal responsibility, even though he exalts an increasing spiritual awareness and the activist role of the (mostly) black churches. When he moves to the problems of economic stagnation in the less developed countries his proposal for a "third way", transcending liberalism and conservatism, ignores the successes of market-friendly systems.



Umar F. Abd-Allah

Do Christians and Muslims Worship the Same God?

Jose Abraham

An Ecological Reading of the Qur’anic Understanding of Creation(25552)

Elizabeth Achtemeier

Debating Evolution: The God Who Would Intervene(9233)

Arvid Adell

Process Thought and the Liberation of Homosexuals(6796)



Full texts by recognized religious scholars

Capitalism - communism

http://www.religion-online.org/listbycategory.asp?Cat=78 (20 articles)

Church and State

http://www.religion-online.org/listbycategory.asp?Cat=61 (17 articles)


http://www.religion-online.org/listbycategory.asp?Cat=45 (47 articles)


http://www.religion-online.org/listbycategory.asp?Cat=90 (7 articles)


http://www.religion-online.org/listbycategory.asp?Cat=58 (20 articles)

Poor and Oppressed

http://www.religion-online.org/listbycategory.asp?Cat=71 (29 articles)


Public Education

  1. A Bible Curriculum for Public Schools by Luke Timothy Johnson
  2. In reviewing a book on the influence of the Bible, the author comes to two conclusions about the book: 1. Students’ cultural ignorance goes far beyond the Bible.
  3. 2. The closer that writers and artists are to the present, the more difficult it is to make the case that they are in any sense shaped by the Bible.
  4. Curriculum in the Public Schools: Can Compromise Be Reached? by Charles L. Glenn

    The author argues that the public schools ought not teach a value system and a world view contrary to the beliefs and values of the children's parents.

  5. Falling Behind: An Interview with Jonathan Kozol by Jonathan Kozol

    There is a general sense that society no longer intends to bring black and Hispanic children into the mainstream of society. The public schools today are every bit as segregated as they were in 1964, in the days of Martin Luther King.

  6. Making Schools Work For The Rich And The Poor by Ronald J. Sider

    The author argues for large expenditures in public education to remedy the ills of inner-city school. Money should be spent to experiment both with school vouchers and with other reforms.

  7. Religion-free Texts: Getting An Illiberal Education by Warren A. Nord

    The author argues that in trying to be neutral to religion our public schools are actually hostile to religion. He would like to see religion restored to the curriculum.

  8. The Bible in the Classroom by Mark A. Chancey

    There is a countrywide push to teach the National Council on Biblical Curriculum in public schools, but its curriculum is a blatant attempt to project far-right aspects of the Bible.

  9. The Bible’s Place in the Public School by Rose Sallberg Kam

    The Supreme Court Justices have strongly encouraged instruction in the Bible as a literary and historical document, use of the Bible as a reference book, and study of the role religions have played in the development of civilization. Now that religion is ‘in’ it is possible to teach the most influential book in all of Western literature -- and to teach it without coercion or apology.

  10. The Hopeful Years: Children of the South Bronx by Jonathan Kozol

    The more time the author spends with inner-city children, the less credible and less legitimate large distinctions between them and other children seem.

  11. Transmitting a Vision: Religion in Independent Schools by Daniel R. Heischman

    Few other intellectual disciplines in our modern technological world go as unattended as moral and spiritual awareness among young people.



http://www.religion-online.org/listbycategory.asp?Cat=96  (17 articles)


What Every Progressive Christian Should Know About the Tobacco Industry by Graham Kelder

The tobacco industry likes to portray itself as just another American business, but the facts point to precisely the opposite conclusion. The author suggests what individuals can do to curb the tobacco industry.


Beyond Liberation: An Agenda for Educational Justice by Charles L. Glenn

Education in a multiracial society should place emphasis on growth in character and virtue. It is certainly time that advocates for racial justice began to insist that schools take on the high mission of developing such high qualities.


Conversation with an Atheist -- Michael Harrington on Religion and Socialism by James R. Gorman

The radical incarnation of the power of God in "the halt and the maimed" -- the powerless -- is such a compelling irony as to have revolutionary potential for atheist and Christian alike. The "question of God," for Harrington, is really a question about God’s guilt.


Hannah Arendt: Prophet for our Time by James M. Campbell

(ENTIRE BOOK) The author summarizes the thoughts of Hannah Arendt, then uses them as a framework to ask whether America is slipping into a new kind of totalitarianism.


Religious Communities in the Struggle for Human Rights by Robert Traer

Perhaps the Universal Declaration of Human Rights is a sign of a new world community in which the religious traditions will find common ground. Jews, Christians and Muslims do agree that rights are gifts from God, and that people have duties toward one another and God that require the recognition of fundamental human rights.


The Misuse of Embryos by Amy Laura Hall

The author says the moral cost involved is the reason why she believes embryonic stem cell research is not consonant with Christian faith.


What Every Progressive Christian Should Know About the Tobacco Industry by Graham Kelder

The tobacco industry likes to portray itself as just another American business, but the facts point to precisely the opposite conclusion. The author suggests what individuals can do to curb the tobacco industry.


What We Mean by Human Rights, and Why by Richard John Neuhaus

We must resist the claim of any government that it represents some mystical "general will of the people," thus relegating its opponents to the categories of subversive, subhuman or counterrevolutionary. In the age of electronic torture, computers and sophisticated behavioral controls, the Leviathan of the modern state, here and elsewhere, must be resisted.


Why Men Get Anxious by Mary Stewart Van Leeuwen

A review of a book that details the decline of useful work for men and the resulting loss of masculine identity.


    Abortion (9 articles . See RELIGION)

The Third Way: Myth and Reality

U.S. Offensive in Latin America: Coups, Retreats, and Radicalization
by James Petras

The CIA and the Cultural Cold War Revisited
by James Petras

  1.    Andre Gunder Frank: The Underdevelopment of Development

    This autobio/bibliographical essay is a draft of chapter 2 of the 18 chapter festschrift THE UNDERDEVELOPMENT OF DEVELOPMENT: ESSAYS IN HONOUR OF ANDRE ...

       The development of underdevelopment - From Volume 18, 1966 ...

    The development of underdevelopment - From Volume 18, 1966, Monthly Review reprint from Monthly Review provided by Find Articles



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1st cycle (Bachelor-level) degree courses
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Monopoly Capital and the New Globalization
by John Bellamy Foster

Taking Exams, Taking on Capitalism, by Margaret Mikesell Tabb, Kathryn Cressida Tabb, and William K. Tabb

Wealth Gap Woes, by Jerry Kloby

 Marx’s Ecology: Materialism and Nature, by John Bellamy Foster



Full Books


John T. Morse

Mark Twain (Samuel Clemens)

Jules Verne

Sir Arthur Conan Doyle

John Payne

          Alaeddin and the Enchanted Lamp by John Payne

G. K. Chesterton


          Alarms and Discursions by G. K. Chesterton



          Agesilaus by Xenophon

          Anabasis by Xenophon

          The Apology by Xenophon




          Alcibiades I by Plato (see Appendix I)

          Apology Also known as The Death of Socrates by Plato



          Apocolocyntosis by Lucius Seneca


Henry James


          The Aspern Papers, by Henry James

          The Altar of the Dead by Henry James

          The Ambassadors by Henry James


John Milton


           Areopagitica by John Milton


Joseph Conrad


           The Arrow of Gold by Joseph Conrad


William Shakespeare


           All's Well, that Ends Well by William Shakespeare

           Antony and Cleopatra by William Shakespeare [Collins edition]




Subject: Tropospheric Ozone Chemistry
X-URL: http://www.atmosp.physics.utoronto.ca/MAM/plummer.ppt

Tropospheric Ozone Chemistry, by David Plummer. Presented at the GCC Summer School
Montreal, August 7-13, 2003

X-URL: http://asd-www.larc.nasa.gov/biomass_burn/globe_impact.html

Cover of the March 1995 edition of Environmental Science and Technology Global Impact of Biomass Burning
Biomass Burning - A Driver for Global Change. International field experiments and satellite data are yielding a clearer understanding of
this important global source of atmospheric gases and particulates.



Subject: Acta Amazonica - The drought of the century in the Amazon Basin: an analysis of the regional variation of rainfall in South America in 1926
X-URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0044-59672005000200013 

SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online


The Obstacles to Real Health Care Reform: Private Insurers and Big Pharma,  by Stephen Lendman - 2009-08-21

 The “Populist Revolt” against the Obama Administration’s Health Care Proposals, by Richard C. Cook - 2009-08-24

 The H1N1 Swine Flu Pandemic: Manipulating the Data to Justify a Worldwide Public Health Emergency , by Michel Chossudovsky - 2009-08-25

The Federal Reserve Knew that a Financial Crash was Coming
"Blowing Bubbles" and "Using Palliatives" which "Make Things Worse", - by Washington's Blog - 2009-08-02
VIDEO; Compulsory Vaccination in America?
$1000 Per Day Fine & 30 Days In Jail For Refusing the Swine Flu Vaccine In Massachusetts, - 2009-08-24
The brutal truth about America’s healthcare , - by Guy Adams - 2009-08-17
Internal Memo Confirms Big Giveaways In White House Deal With Big Pharma
Do Seed Companies Control GM Crop Research?
Scientists must ask corporations for permission before publishing independent research on genetically modified crops,2009-08-11
Child Leukemia Rates Increase Near U.S. Nuclear Power Plants , 2009-06-02





                                       Buenos Aires Herald  /

             The Daily Telegraph  (Australia)               The Montreal Gazette  (Canada)




 Taxpayers / US-NATO War Crimes / The Dangers of a Nuclear War /  and many others!


Crimes against Humanity


Torture at Abu Ghraib: "The Man Behind the Hood" , by Prof. Ali Shalal - 2009-04-27

Full Transcript of Ali Shalal's Testimony


Israel's Wanton Aggression On Gaza, by Stephen Lendman - 2008-12-30


Afghan Civilians killed by U.S/NATO Actions since 2006,  by Prof. Marc W. Herold - 2008-10-09

Obama and McCain propose dusty death without end in Afghanistan.


Children's Rights in the War Theater: Who Guards the Guards?  by Felicity Arbuthnot - 2008-06-09

The US army has detained 2,400 children as young as ten years old since March 2003





Iceland: Lessons to be Learned from The Economic Meltdown - by Eva Joly - 2009-08-07

"British Prime Minister Gordon Brown is wrong when he says that he and his government have no responsibility in the matter"


Sarkozy’s Secret Plan for Mandatory Swine Flu Vaccination- by F. William Engdahl - 2009-06-03

The militarization of public health. The plan is without precedent and even defies recommended public health advice


Operation Sarkozy : how the CIA placed one of its agents at the presidency of the French Republic - by Thierry Meyssan - 2008-09-04

The truth about the French Republic’s president's background


Operation Gladio: CIA Network of "Stay Behind" Secret Armies - by Andrew Gavin Marshall - 2008-07-17

The CIA-NATO sponsored stay behind “secret armies” were responsible for numerous terrorist atrocities across Western Europe.


JULY 2009


Papal Encyclicals

  Your guide to online Papal and other official documents of the Catholic Church. This site offers a very extensive collection of links to texts published by Roman Catholic Popes and Church Councils.


Pope John II

"Pope John Paul II-The Millennial Pope," a bold and innovative new biography on this controversial world leader, is a journey through the 20th century to the sources of John Paul II's character and beliefs and the passionate reaction to him. It's a journey that says as much about us as it does about him.

   The roots of the Pope's ardent devotion to the Virgin Mary and what she has meant to him throughout his life

   Assessments from friends, scholars and journalists who have studied and analyzed his life and papacy

   An exploration into its sources, many layers and singular intensity

   Four deeply personal and moving stories about losing, seeking, or encountering religious faith

   Reports on the Church's positions on gays and women, including a videotaped roundtable discussion

   An in-depth inquiry into his life and legacy by the co-writers and producer of this FRONTLINE report


Project Wittenberg



Project Wittenberg is home to works by and about Martin Luther and other Lutherans. Here you will find all manner of texts from short quotations to commentaries, hymns to statements of faith, theological treatises to biographies, and links to other places where words and images from the history of Lutheranism live.


Project Wittenberg is the first step towards an international electronic library of Lutheranism. As such, we are always adding and changing our sites. This site contains Project Wittenberg texts in final form. For the latest versions of our texts, many of which are still being assembled and refined, drop in at Project Wittenberg's Electronic Lutheran Web.


The Confessions of Augustine

This document is an on-line reprint of Augustine: Confessions, a text and commentary by James J. O'Donnell (Oxford: 1992; ISBN 0-19-814378-8). The text and commentary were encoded in SGML by the Stoa Consortium in co-operation with the Perseus Project; the HTML files were generated from the archival SGML version.

Confessions of Augustine: An Electronic Edition. This site offers the text of the Confessions in Latin, with extensive    critical commentary by Prof. James O'Donnell. For advanced students.(http://www.stoa.org/hippo/)


Plato: Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy

  The Stanford Encyclopedia is a 'dynamic' encyclopedia of philosophy that is responsive to new research -- authors have ftp access to their entries to keep them up-to-date and a select Board of Editors monitors and referees all entries and updates.


Early Modern Philosophy

"Here are versions of some classics of early modern philosophy,prepared with a view to making them easier to read while leaving intact the main arguments, doctrines, and lines of thought." This site includes texts by: Bacon, Berkeley, Descartes, Hobbes, Hume, Kant,Leibniz, Locke, Malebranche, Mill, Reid, and Spinoza.


The Internet Encyclopedia

         James Fieser, Ph.D., founder and general editor

Bradley Dowden, Ph.D., general editor



     Codices Electronici Sangallenses (CESG) – Virtual Library

    The purpose of the “Codices Electronici Sangallenses” (Digital Abbey Library of St. Gallen) is to provide access to the medieval codices in the Abbey Library of St. Gallen by creating a virtual library. At the moment, the virtual library contains 251 manuscripts.


Fire and Ice

   Puritan and Reformed Writings

"This page is intended to make available to a wider audience thewritings of the Puritans, Scottish Divines and other Reformed authors.Many of the sermons are in modern language. Featured authors includeRichard Baxter, Samuel Rutherford, John Flavel, and many others."


   "Reader, remember this: if thy knowledge do not now affect thy heart, it will at last, with a witness, afflict thy heart; if it do not now endear Christ to thee, it will at last provoke Christ the more against thee; if it do not make all the things of Christ to be very precious in thy eyes, it will at last make thee the more vile in Christ's eyes." Thomas Brooks  


Project Gutenberg

   Project Gutenberg, the first producer of free electronic books (ebooks).

   The Project Gutenberg collection was produced by tens of thousands of volunteers

   There are nearly 30,000 free books in the Project Gutenberg Online Book Catalog.


JUNE  2009






     Johann Gutenberg: His Life

     The Period before Printed Books

     Gutenberg's Epoch-Making Achievement

     The Impact of Printing


Darwin: conferences, experiments... (BBC)

In 2009, The Open University and the BBC will be joining forces to mark the 200th anniversary of the birth of Charles Darwin and the 150th anniversary of the publication On The Origin Of Species.

The Complete Work of Darwin (BBC)

New!  The Vatican Museums 

"The Vatican Museums are one of the most famous and renowned cultural institutions of the Holy See. They are known everywhere because of the  masterpieces which the Roman Pontiffs have commissioned, collected and > preserved during the ages. Together with the immense heritage of movable works of art, sculptures and paintings, which are displayed in the galleries, the itineraries of the Vatican Museums include the most important and artistically significant rooms of the Vatican Apostolic Palace, such as the 'Cappella Niccolina' with paintings by Beato Angelico, the 'Appartamento Borgia' with decorations by Pinturicchio, the 'Stanze' painted by Raphael and, of course, the Sistine Chapel with frescoes by Michelangelo as well as the most important 15th century masters from Umbria and Tuscany."

The Huntington Archive


    "The John C. and Susan L. Huntington Photographic Archive of Buddhist  and Related Art contains nearly 300,000 original color slides and  black and white and color photographs of art and architecture  throughout Asia. Countries covered in the collection include India,  Afghanistan, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Thailand,  Indonesia, Myanmar (Burma), China, and Japan. Works range from approximately 2500 B.C.E. to the present, and documentation includes  contemporary religious activities in various parts of Asia. The  Archive documents the art and architecture of these countries in situ,  as well as works of art found in most major Asian, European, and   American museums. This broad, yet detailed, collection contains  predominantly Buddhist material, but also includes Hindu, Jain, Islamic, and other works."

The William Blake Archive

  "A free site on the World Wide Web since 1996, the Blake Archive was conceived as an international public resource that would provide  unified access to major works of visual and literary art that are  highly disparate, widely dispersed, and more and more often severely  restricted as a result of their value, rarity, and extreme fragility. > A growing number of contributors, currently eight American and British  institutions and a major private collector, have given the Archive  permission to include thousands of Blake's images and texts without  fees. At this writing the Archive contains fully searchable and  scalable electronic editions of 27 copies of 16 of Blake's 19  illuminated works in the context of full, up-to-date bibliographic  information about each image, scrupulous "diplomatic" transcriptions  of all texts, detailed descriptions of all images, and extensive  bibliographies."



Jesus through the centuries


Why is this exhibition important? In much of North America and Europe, the younger generations have little knowledge of the central figure in the formation of Western culture. They know little of the way Jesus, his person and teaching, and the way he has been understood, has shaped and reshaped so many key developments in art, science, politics, ideas, society, and culture. Anno Domini: Jesus Through the Centuries offers a modest opportunity to glimpse and consider this tap-root of culture and civilization.



The Jerusalem Archeological Park   Timeline: 4500 BC - 1917  AD



University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill



Mapping Center


 Free Maps for Sudents



Forum Romanum

   Outlines of Roman History by William C. Morey, Ph.D., D.C.L.   New York, Cincinnati, Chicago: American Book Company (1901).
   Corpus Scxriptorum Latinorum, A digital Library of Roman Literature

   Surgical Instruments in Greek and Roman Times, by by John Stewart Milne, M.A., M.D. Aberd. Oxford: Clarendon Press (1907).

   The Private Life of the Romans  by Harold Whetstone Johnston, Revised by Mary Johnston, Scott, Foresman and Company (1903, 1932)

  1. The Family
Roman Names
Marriage and Women
Children and Education
Slaves and Dependents
The House and Furniture
Dress and Ornaments
Food and Meals
Travel and Correspondence
Sources of Income
Farming and Country Life
Town Life
Funeral Customs
The Roman Religion
The Water Supply of Rome

MAY 2009




Karsten Harries' Natural Symbols and Frank Lloyd Wright's Natural Houses, by Yuan Lin (1991)

   Wright, like Harries, also refers to architecture as an expression and interpretation of the essence of human life.  Wright always sought to find the inher­ent reality of a certain structure, and this reality is what he called a natural law.  Wright believed that both the starting point as well as the end of this natural law is nature.  In regard to house design, for example, he says that a dwelling should express


Gender, Learning and Social Practice
Gendered Discourses in the Bakery
Klaus Nielsen

Policy as Boundary Object: A New Way to Look at Educational Policy Design and Implementation
Gholamreza Emad & Wolff-Michael Roth

Competence-Based Vocational Education and Training (VET): the Cases of England and France in a European Perspective
Michaela Brockmann et al

Mapping the Field of VET Partnerships
Alison Taylor

Teaching Skills

     Teaching skills: ways to help improve teacher’s effectiveness

     The seven secrets behind great teaching


Patagonia Under Siege by George Black
At the remotest tip of South America lies one of the wildest places on the planet -- a wonderland of snowcapped volcanoes, pristine rainforests, and windswept pampas. Perhaps Patagonia will become a paradise for ecotourism. Or perhaps it will fall victim to Chile's voracious appetite for energy.

Drugging the Waters by Elizabeth Royte
As the population ages, Americans become more and more dependent on their prescription medications. Now scientists are beginning to wonder: What happens when all those pharmaceuticals get flushed into the nation's rivers -- and into our drinking water?

The Owl, Spotted by Alison Hawthorne Deming
One fine day, a poet and a scientist entered a forest in the Pacific Northwest to observe together the most iconic of all our threatened species. Here is what they found.

How Carnivore Works


            Not nice....not at all nice By Thomas C Greene in Washington DC

               The FBI's notorious Internet traffic sniffer Carnivore includes a handy, idiot-proof GUI interface enabling nosey Feds to capture and examine a broad range of what passes through, from headers alone to full-bore content retrieval, which is pictured in the Justice Department's final assessment from the IIT Research Institute and the Illinois Institute of Technology Chicago-Kent College of Law (IITRI).


Is the Trilateral Commission the secret organization that runs the world?

      The Trilateral  Comission  (November 6, 1987)


Trilateral Comission Members  April 10, 2003.



Fatal Indifference

   The G8, Africa, and Global Health by Ronald Labonte, Ted Schrecker, David Sanders y Wilma Meeus
               University of Cape Town Press/IDRC 2004
               ISBN 1-91971-384-0
               e-ISBN 1-55250-130-2

      For most of the past century, the spread of mysterious, frightening diseases is something that has occurred mostly in poorer parts of the planet. Now that it is identified as primarily a ‘Third World’, especially African, condition, AIDS has briefly managed to make it to the highest level of political agendas, including the UN Security Council. But all in all, the G8 countries under scrutiny in this book have for decades lived as though immune to at least two of the biblical scourges – famine and pestilence.



Argentinian Soundscapes, November 1994,  R. Murray Schafer

   Schafer is a Canadian composer and writer well known for his Tuning of the World, a history of the sonic environment, or soundscape (see EAP, 3, 1, 7-9). Schafer regularly gives lectures and workshops on sound education throughout the world. The following is an extract from an account describing his lecture and teaching experiences in Buenos Aires, Argentina on a visit in 1994.

   "November 4, 1994 Buenos Aires. Spacious apartment thirteen stories up on the Avenida Pueyrredon waiting to be taken to my first lecture. Subject: El paisaje sonoro [soundscape]. A good display of it below the window. I counted 350 car horns over a one-hour period this afternoon".


Illness as the Way of the Body, by S. Kay Toombs

     Toombs is a philosopher who has written The Meaning of Illness (Kluwer, 1992), an insightful phenomenological account of the strikingly different understandings of illness held by physician and patient. For over 20 years, Toombs has lived with multiple sclerosis‑-an incurable, progressively disabling disease of the central nervous system. This illness has, among other things, affected her ability to see, to hear, to sit, and to stand. She must now use a wheelchair because she can no longer lift her legs to walk.


Phenomenology as a Research Method, by Madeleine Rothe

   Writing as research



          The Biological Resources Discipline (BRD) of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) works with others to provide the scientific understanding and technologies needed to support the sound management and conservation of our Nation's biological resources.



          USGS Geography confronts some of the most pressing natural resource and environmental issues of our Nation. Observing the Earth with remote sensing satellites, USGS geographers monitor and analyze changes on the land, study connections between people and the land, and provide society with relevant science information to inform public decisions.



        USGS Geology efforts address major societal issues that involve geologic hazards and disasters, climate variability and change, energy and mineral resources, ecosystem and human health, and ground-water availability.  We characterize the geological landscape and also provide the Nation with fundamental geochemical and geophysical data necessary to address these issues. Learn about our science strategy and see how we are working on determining our strategy for the next decade.         


Geospatial information

        The National Geospatial Program provides leadership for USGS geospatial coordination, production and service activities. The Program engages partners to develop standards and produce consistent and accurate data through its Geospatial Liaison Network. Operational support is provided by the National Geospatial Technical Operations Center. These and other Program activities that are essential to the National Spatial Data Infrastructure (NSDI) are managed as a unified portfolio that benefits geospatial information users throughout the Nation.


Reflections on Place and Placelessness, by Edward C. Relph  (see PLACE)

   Ted Relph teaches geography at Scarborough College, the University of Toronto. Besides Place and Placelessness, his books include Rational Landscapes and Humanistic Geography (London: Croom Helm, 1981) and The Modern Urban Land­scape (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins, 1987). © 1996, 2003 Edward C. Relph.    This essay was one of five contributed to a special issue of EAP celebrating the 20th anniversary of the publication of Relph's book. See "selected articles" by Boschetti, Million, Paterson,  and Seamon. 


A World of Many Places, by Louise Million (see PLACE)

    Louise Million is a Canadian psychologist who lives in Edmon­ton, Alberta. She has a private practice that focuses on adult survivors of trauma, especially aboriginal people. She is also an avid gardener and grandmother. Her dissertation (see EAP, 3, 3:8-9) drew in part from themes in Edward Relph's Place and Placelessness. Address: 10707 60 Avenue, Edmonton Alberta T6H 4S7 Canada. This essay was one of five contributed to a special issue of EAP celebrating the 20th anniversary of the publication of Relph's book. See "selected articles" by Boschetti, Paterson, Relph, and Seamon.


A Singular Impact: Edward Relph's Place and Placelessness, by David Seamon (see PLACE)

    The aim I had for my dissertation was to explore a rather nebulous phenomenon that I called "everyday environmental experience" (Seamon 1979). Relph's book became central to my writing because, in explaining why places were such an integral part of human experience, he developed the notion of insideness--the idea that the more strongly an environment generates a sense of belonging, the more strongly does that environment become a place.


Making Community and Place: Commonalities and Contrasts in the Work of Daniel Kemmis and Christopher Alexander, by David Seamon (see PLACE)

    As illustrated by the ideas of political activist Daniel Kemmis (1990, 1995) and architect Christopher Alexander (1985, 1987; et al., 1977), there is a practical movement afoot in public policy and environmental design that attempts to understand useful societal change from the viewpoint of wholes healing themselves.


Making Places: The Phenomenological Importance of  the Inventory , by Douglas D. Paterson (see PLACE)

    Paterson is a landscape architect at the University of British Columbia. This paper was originally presented in a special session, "Recovering Sense of Place," organized by philosopher Ingrid Leman Stefanovic for the 1995 meetings of the Environmental Design Research Association held in Boston.


Is Place a Journey? by Murray Silverstein (winter 1994) (see PLACE)

   Murray Silverstein is an architect and partner in the Berkeley architectural firm of Jacobson, Silverstein, Winslow. His most recent book is Patterns of Home: The Ten Essentials of Enduring Design, written with firm partners Max Jacobson and Barbara Winslow (Taunton, 2002). A slightly longer version of this essay first appeared in Timber Framing, the journal of the Timber Framers Guild of North America; note Silverstein's frequent reference to timber framing and place. We thank editor Ken Rower for permission to reprint.


The Life of the Place: A Phenomenological Commentary on Bill Hillier's Theory of Space Syntax, by David Seamon (spring 1993) (see PLACE)

    One of the most important 20th-century works on urban life and design is Jane Jacobs' The Death and Life of Great American Cities (Jacobs 1961). This book, an implicit phenomenology of the urban life­world (Seamon 1991b), argued that streets are the heart of the city and should be alive with pedestrian activity that accepts both residents and visitors, insiders and outsiders.


The Placeless, Neighborless Realm: Language, Homescape, and Reinhabitation, by Tom Jay (see PLACE)

    Tom Jay is a sculptor, poet, and writer who lives in Chimacum, Washington. He writes poems and essays about the bioregional implications of art and ideas of home and place. He also creates sculptures on these themes. This essay is part of a longer article, "Familiar Music: Reinhabiting Language," originally published in the 1995-96 volume of Connotations, the journal of the Island Institute, Sitka, Alaska, and is reprinted with permission. © 1996, 2003 Tom Jay.


Place and Placelessness: Fabulous Frustrations, by Douglas D. Paterson (see PLACE)

   Paterson is a landscape architect teaching at the University of British Columbia. He writes regularly on the nature of design as place making. © 1996, 2003 Douglas D. Paterson. This essay was one of five contributed to a special issue of EAP celebrating the 20th anniversary of the publication of Edward Relph's seminal Place and Placelessness. See "selected articles" by Boschetti, Million, Relph, and Seamon. 


The Spirit of Place in les Monts de Sarcelles, by Eric Malhere (see PLACE)

    Malhere is a systems technician for the French Railways’ Automatic Train Protection System. He lived the first thirty years of his life in Groslay, the changing French village he describes here. He is interested in conceptual ways to describe systems holistically, including the approach of Goethean science. He is also interested in ways whereby the lived nature of places, both natural and humanly made, can be described and understood. © 2002, 2003 Eric Malhere.


Protected Areas Programme (5) IUCN, the International Union for Conservation of Nature


Phenomenology, Place, Environment and Architecture

Trials of a Nascent Phenomenologist by Micah L. Issitt

   Issitt is a biology major at the University of Missouri in St. Louis. He is interested in phenomenological approaches to nature and environmental issues, particularly Goethean science. In the future, we will be publishing some of his field essays dealing with real-world experiences and understandings of the natural world [see EAP, winter 2003]. To suggest the perceptive power of the kind of observation he argues for here, we include at the end of his essay a description he wrote of a swarm of locust in a cornfield. © 2002, 2003 Micah Issitt.


Recovering Bear Sacredness (see Ecology: preservation, conservation, and sustainability)

Insights into Phenomenal Presence of a More-than-Human World for Future Grizzly Bear Recovery Initiatives

by Leon Chartrand


Phenomenology, Place, Environment and Architecture

Direct Action and Fields of care, by J. Douglas Porteous

     In a dying civilization, we have three choices. Many of us will accept common rapacity: the “culture of more” expressed in monster houses and SUV battlewagons. Others may retreat into physical isolation or quietist obsessions with art, literature or popular culture. The third option is to contest the culture of more. Although such a route is perhaps a losing proposition, it remains necessary; and going against the grain can provide an interesting, if not always comfortable, way of life.


Fables and short stories
    Aesop´s Fables

    The Stones, by Murray Schafer (Short story)

         R. Murray Schafer is a Canadian composer and author of the seminal The Tuning of The World (1977), a history of sound in the environment. One of his major professional interests is listening education. His essay describes “an exercise I do quite regularly with classes to train them in observation. It works well in countries with languages I don’t know because I don’t have to use many words to set it up or run it. In fact, the fewer words the better.” Address: R.R.2, Indian River, Ontario K0L 2B0. © 2004 R. Murray Schafer, including drawings.


NEW!  Our magazine The Educational Gazette (II)  is on-line ! Education,  Art & Architecture,  Religion,  Philosophy,  Ecology,  Economy... 

    84 articles! thatyou will soon receive by e-mail together with revista Contextos educativos (II) - (in Spanish)


Our Garden of Carmel

    This website contains information about the Discalced Carmelite Order, including Seculars. Carmelite spirituality in the tradition of St Teresa of Avila, St John of the Cross, St Therese of Lisieux, Bl Elizabeth of the Trinity, St Teresa of the Andes, St Teresa Benedicta, and many more wonderful beatified and canonized members of the Carmelite family. Also other little inspirational poems, ponderings and writings. (Also see: http://www.carmelite.org.uk/index01.html  / Catholic Church in England & Wales  and  http://www.byzantinediscalcedcarmelites.com)


Absolute Astronomy: Exploring the universe of knowledge

     Society / Nature / People / Science / History



All about the Holy See




AKAMASOA : Les objectifs
      AKAMASOA ( « les bons amis ») est une association humanitaire malgache qui a été créée par le Père Pedro OPEKA en 1989.

Elle a pour but d’assurer la réhabilitation humaine et la réinsertion économique et sociale des plus pauvres.




The Renaissance Man

   Leon Battista Alberti and the Arts in Florence between Reason and Beauty

   (In Italian: http://www.albertiefirenze.it/home.htm)



Water resources

Theses and Dissertations are available for viewing from the HWR Library to HWR students, staff, and faculty, with exchange of CAT card for viewing privileges



 The Turbulent Waters of Pan de Azúcar

     Published Date: 05-05-2009 , Type: Report , Source Date: 06-04-2009

      The mining company, Carmen de Andacollo (owned by Teck Cominco) has polluted the life of the town of Chepiquilla in Chile's Andacollo region for more than ten years. See http://olca.cl/oca/chile/chepiquilla.htm


Pascua Lama Project (Argentina).

    Pascua Lama project moves forward - and so do citizens' groups

    Published Date: 05-05-2009 / Type: Report / Source Date: 30-04-2009
          As Barrick Gold's Pascua Lama gold project, straddling Chile and Argentina, comes closer to fruition, a meeting of Argentina's unique Union of Citizens' Assemblies delivers resoundingly rejects "economic model(s)... plundering natural resources and destroying livelihoods."

Argentina: Water is Worth More Than Gold! 300 Organizations Collectively Say "No To Open-Pit Mining" (Also see Proyecto Minero de Pascua Lama (sent by Héctor Penna, Bs. As.)



The University of British Columbia

     First Nations House of Learning
            Xwi7xwa Library



PM offers full apology on behalf of Canadians for the Indian Residential Schools system

11 June 2008, Ottawa, Ontario


 Environmental & Architectural

    Phenomenology  Newsletter

         “On the Hither Side of Depth”: An Architectural Pedagogy of Engagement, by Rachel McCann (2005)


    Place as Both Local and Boundary-less

    The Puget Sound Commercial Geoduck Industry as an Example, by Marion Dumon (spring 2005)

    Coming to Place, by Bruce Janz (fall 2004)

    Place and Topography: Responding to Carmeron and Stefanovic, by J. E. Malpas (fall 2004)

    Speaking of Place: In Dialogue with Malpas, by Ingrid Leman Stefanovic (spring 2004)

    Some Implications of Malpas' Place and Experience for Place Ethics and Education, by John I. Cameron (winter 2004)

    Rodney Teague

        Intimate Immensity in the Preschool Playroom: A Topo-analysis of Children’s Play, Rodney Teague

        [...] Bachelard’s conception of space is very different from the way people typically think of space. He interrogates space not as mathematical, geometric, scientific, infinite or empty, but rather as imaginal and poetic. He describes his method as a “recourse to the phenomenology of the imagination... understood as a study of the phenomenon of the poetic image when it emerges into the consciousness as a direct product of the heart, soul and being of [the person]” [...]


     Inside and Outside in Wright's Fallingwater and Aalto's Villa Mairea, by Enku Mulugeta Assefa (spring 2003)

        The philosopher Karsten Harries writes that a key task of architecture is “interpreting the world as a meaningful order in which the individual can find his place in the midst of nature and in the midst of a community” (Harries 1993, p. 51). Harries argues that, too often, buildings don’t respond to the needs of human dwelling because they are made arbitrarily instead of being let to arise out of the real-world requirements of particular people, places and landscapes.


     Lin Wong

        A Phenomenology of Commuting by Bicycle, by Lin Wong (2005)

        In developing this phenomenology of cycling, I draw on my 20-minute bike commute between my home and the University of Toronto’s main library. I supplement my firsthand experiences with commentary from several popular accounts of cycling in general and urban cycling in particular. Phenomenology recognizes that the lived meaning of the environment reveals itself within a holistic context of understanding (Stefanovic 2000, p. 69). As such, I realize that my past experiences as a bike courier influence and enhance my commuting experience on the same streets that I once rode for my work.


Christus Rex et Redemptor Mundi

     Giotto (Ambrogio Bondone, detto) 1267 - 1337

     Giotto has become the symbol of a profound renewal in the history of Western figurative arts, and of the first radical renewal since ancient Greece.
"He converted the art of painting from Greek to Latin and brought in the modern era" - this is Cennino Cennini's synthesis fifty years after Giotto's death, underscoring the revolutionary character of Giotto's painting.

   Duomo of Florence

   Assisi, Upper Basilica - Basilica Superiore

   Padova, The Scrovegni Chapel - La Cappella degli Scrovegni

   Basilica di Santa Croce


L´Osservatore Romano

   Weekly Edition in English 6 May 2009

      Obama in the White House
           One hundred days that didn't shake the world


The Thirteenth Tribe

    The Khazar Empire and its Heritage , by Arthur Koestler

This book traces the history of the ancient Khazar Empire, a major but almost forgotten power in Eastern Europe, which in A.D. 740 converted to Judaism. Khazaria, a conglomerate of Aryan Turkic tribes, was finally wiped out by the forces of Genghis Han, but evidence indicates that the Khazars themselves migrated to Poland and formed the craddle of Western (Ashkenazim) Jewry...


Irak War

American Bishop Bars faithful from War Effort

     CANTON, Mar 18, 03 (CWNews.com) -- An American Catholic bishop has forbidden his flock from participating or cooperating in military action against Iraq, under pain of mortal sin.


The Protocols of Zion

    [...] Of the Protocols themselves little need be said in the way of introduction. The book in which they are embodied was first published in the year 1897 by Philip Stepanov for private circulation among his intimate friends. The first time Nilus published them was in 1901 in a book called The Great Within the Small and reprinted in 1905. A copy of this is in the British Museum bearing the date of its reception, August 10, 1906. All copies that were known to exist in Russia were destroyed in the Kerensky regime, and under his successors the possession of a copy by anyone in Soviet land was a crime sufficient to ensure the owner's of being shot on sight [...]


       Visiting the Protocols

When an international mass circulation magazine like The Reader's Digest decides to run an article on the documents generally known as The Protocols, in which Eric Butler and The League of Rights are critically mentioned, there must be a purpose. About the same time as The Reader's Digest article, which basically regurgitates the view that these documents are either a forgery or a fabrication, the Oxford University Press released a publication, The Right Road, by Dr. Andrew Moore, senior lecturer in Australian history at the University of Western Sydney.

The Digital Cultural Industry

  Introduction to 'The (Digital) Cultural Industry', by Geoff Cox, Joasia Krysa & Anya Lewin
         The interaction between culture and economy was famously explored by Theodor Adorno and Max Horkheimer by the term ‘Kulturindustrie’ (The Culture Industry) to describe the production of mass culture and power relations between capitalist producers and mass consumers (1997 [1947])







British Curriculum: Year 5

Relatos de Henry James: Los fantasmas y lo real, por la Dra. Rosa Penna.

Cambridge Science Park

   This events noticeboard is for announcements about events, conferences, etc that may be of general interest to the companies working on the Science Park. To add your event, send the details to

The Aesthetics of Decay, by Dylan Trigg




In The Aesthetics of Decay, Dylan Trigg confronts the remnants from the fallout of post-industrialism and postmodernism. Through a considered analysis of memory, place, and nostalgia, Trigg argues that the decline of reason enables a critique of progress to emerge. In this ambitious work, Trigg aims to reassess the direction of progress by situating it in a spatial context. In doing so, he applies his critique of rationality to modern ruins. The derelict factory, abandoned asylum, and urban alleyway all become allies in Trigg's attack on a fixed image of temporality and progress. The Aesthetics of Decay offers a model of post-rational aesthetics in which spatial order is challenged by an affirmative ethics of ruin.

Environmental & Architectural Phenomenology Newsletter


  1. Disclosing the Depths of Heidegger’s Topology: A Response to Relph by Jeff Malpas

       Malpas response to Relph

  2. Christopher Alexander´s Theory of Wholeness

       EDRA Conference Intensive, Veracruz, Mexico, 28 May 2008, by Robert Walsh

           Walsh is a licensed architect in California; a design instructor at Lawrence Technical University in Southfield, Michigan; and a doctoral student at the University of Michigan’s Taubman College of Architecture and Urban Planning. Over 16 years beginning in 1988, he studied and worked with architect Christopher Alexander on an intermittent basis, first carpentering on an Alexander-designed house; then earning a masters degree from Berkeley in 1992; and, last, working as an architect in Alexander’s office.

  3. The nature of order

      Empirical Findings from The Nature of Order, by Christopher Alexander

          Architect, scientist, and writer Christopher Alexander is one of the most remarkable thinkers and makers of our time. His many books include A Pattern Language (1977), The Timeless Way of Building (1979), and A Foreshadowing of Twenty-First Century Art: The Color and Geometry of Very Early Turkish Carpets (1993). This essay is his recent effort to distill the major discoveries in his masterful four-volume The Nature of Order (2002-2005), published by the Center for Environmental Structure in Berkeley, CA.

  4. Memories in Site: Toward a Renewed Understanding of Starbucks, by Dylan Trigg

          Trigg is a research student at the University of Sussex. He is interested in marginal spaces such as a hotel lobbies, airports and supermarkets. He has also written on the aesthetics of decay and modern ruins. His current research explores the idea of the built environment as a testimony to events of past destruction. His essay here is part of a broader work that examines the role that homogenous ‘sites’ play in contributing to a memory-based theory of personal identity. © 2006 Dylan Trigg. www.dylantrigg.com.

  5. Seeing Familiar Things in New Ways, by Margaret Boschetti

      Until her retirement in 2002, Boschetti was Associate Editor of EAP and an Associate Professor of Interior Design in the School of Human Environmental Sciences at East Carolina University in Greenville, North Carolina. She now lives in her native state of Arkansas.



University of Calgary


    Parks for Tomorrow 2008 - Conference on Parks and Protected Areas
    May 8-13 2008 in Calgary, Alberta Canada

    Call for papers

    The Departments for Geography, History, and the Faculty of Environmental Design at the University of Calgary are pleased to invite paper proposals for "Canadian Parks for Tomorrow 2008".Submissions are strongly encouraged from interdisciplinary backgrounds that address conservation and management issues from different angles, including - but not limited to - geography, environmental sciences, political science, biology, sociology, history, economics and law.

Protected Areas as Constructed Organizations, by H J E Penna
Faculty of Economic Sciences/Universidad de Buenos Aires, Cordoba 2122/C1120 BUENOS AIRES AAQ/ARGENTINA
Mailing address: Espinosa 1963/C1416 BUENOS AIRES CEQ/ARGENTINA, e-m: hpenna@dm.uba.ar


     "No political organization effectively exists to give the whole globe visibility, for unlike nation-states the earth has no external enemy. (164)". "The region, [...] is far too large to be known directly […] (159) […] "Regions, to the extent that they lack a solid political base, lack visibility" (163) (Tuan 1975)


Downloads and views


World Rainforest Movement

   Congo, DR: The Inga hydropower project, a betrayal of social promises

    Ethanol from cellulose: A technology that could spell disaster
    Tree plantations in the Mekong region
    Timber Plantations in Southern Africa
    Oil palm and rubber plantations in Western and Central Africa


WWF  for a living planet!


     About freshwater & rivers´ decline

           The La Plata basin is the 2nd largest river basin in South America.
          The Rio de la Plata crosses 5 countries: Paraguay, Brazil, Argentina, Uruguay, and Bolivia. The river basin has 3 main tributaries, the Paraná, the Paraguay and the

          Uruguay Rivers.


Wild Singapore News

       Going nowhere fast: top rivers face mounting threats
       Many Major Rivers in Danger of Drying Out - WWF
            Story by Douwe Miedema
       WWF says pollution, dams threaten rivers

            By Eliane Engeler, Associated Press Writer


Victor Hugo:  Literary Quotations


     The Hunchback of Notre-Dame (1831)

        "During a wise man's whole life, his destiny holds his philosophy in a state of siege."



          Prof. Fritz Bornemann


Cambridge Science Park


This events noticeboard is for announcements about events, conferences, etc that may be of general interest to the companies working on the Science Park. To add your event, send the details to


Nanzan Institute for Religion and Culture

     The Anthropological Institute was founded in accordance with the ideals of Dr. Wilhelm Schmidt, SVD, one of the giants of twentieth-century cultural anthropology.


International Religious Communities in a Multicultural World

    (The Experience of Internationality in the SVD)

        Antonio M. Pernia, SVD - (Superior General)

Mimesis and the Representation of Reality: A Historical World View
E Mathijs, B Mosselmans - Foundations of Science, 2000 - Springer
   ABSTRACT. The representation of reality is a fundamental concept in the perception of the world. Its historical consideration leads to an understanding of historical and contemporary culture.


Latin America in the New World Order

    A series of international meetings and seminars held in Latin America and elsewhere in 1990-1991 indicate a common evaluation of the nature of Latin America's crisis, its dominant tendencies and counter-tendencies, and a constellation of surprisingly coinciding alternatives. All this takes place at a historical moment dominated by the crisis of model and theory as well as of an alternative vision of society and history itself.


Anno dell´astronomia


Si terrà a Firenze, dal 26 al 30 maggio, il Convegno internazionale di studi “Il caso Galileo. Una rilettura storica, filosofica, teologica”, organizzato dall’Istituto Stensen dei gesuiti di Firenze. L’inaugurazione – è stato annunciato oggi durante la conferenza stampa di presentazione delle iniziative della Santa Sede per l’Anno dell’astronomia - si svolgerà il 26 maggio nella basilica di Santa Croce, dove si trova la tomba di Galileo.

Commentaires sur les opinions exprimées par Mgr Richard Williamson

    La Shoah, « avertissement contre l’oubli et la négation »

    Intervention de Benoît XVI à la Une de L’OR


    Holocaust-Denying Bishop Silenced

    Bishop Fellay Apologizes on Behalf of Pius X Society

    CITE DU VATICAN, 24 JAN 2009 (VIS). Voici le texte du Décret de la Congrégation pour les évêques, signé le 21 janvier de son Préfet le Cardinal
    Giovanni Battista Re et rendu public ce midi: "Dans une lettre du 15 décembre 2008 au Cardinal Dario Castrillón Hoyos, Président de la Commission   pontificale Ecclesia Dei, en son nom et en celui des trois autres évêques consacrés le 30 juin 1988, Mgr.Bernard Fellay sollicitait à nouveau la levée de l'excommunication...

Human Microbiome Project

    Within the body of a healthy adult, microbial cells are estimated to outnumber human cells by a factor of ten to one. These communities, however, remain largely unstudied, leaving almost entirely unknown their influence upon human development, physiology, immunity, and nutrition.[...]


The International Observer

    Future International and political Events

      March / December 2009

      2010 up to 2050


Affirmative action (Stanford University)

      First published Fri Dec 28, 2001; substantive revision Fri Mar 4, 2005

          “Affirmative action” means positive steps taken to increase the representation of women and minorities in areas of employment, education, and business from which they have been historically excluded. When those steps involve preferential selection—selection on the basis of race, gender, or ethnicity—affirmative action generates intense controversy.



Autonomy and self-determination 


by Jaime Martínez Luna    <tioyim@yahoo.com.mx>

This page is at http://site.www.umb.edu/faculty/salzman_g/Strate/Commu/1.htm

Translated by George Salzman    <george.salzman@umb.edu>

   " Perhaps at no moment of our history have the indigenous peoples been at such a historic juncture, in which the analysis of our self-determination was the most certain window to guarantee our survival as peoples, as society. Self-determination has been an eternal dream of our communities. Some, because of geography, and also organizational structure, have succeeded in maintaining a certain margin of this self-determination, which has always resulted in a tense relation with the nation-state".

What do we mean by action?,  Prepared by: Aaron Bobick (MIT Media Laboratory)
    Using some of my own work as a source of confusion, "action" has been used to refer to everything from a simple sitting movement to the action of mixing ingredients in a bowl. Clearly the higher the level we address the more diverse and complicated the type of information required to make the assertion. While recent computer vision work has attempted to maintain as much distance as possible from AI/semantics/reasoning it seems difficult to maintain the separation if we are going to generate high level labels like "chopping" or "shoplifting."

Science and the Church

St. Thomas Aquinas.




Catholic Church


   Canadian Conference of Catholic Bishops

         Comment on questions concerning views expressed by Bishop Richard Williamson    
         29 January 2009

          In response to questions that have been received regarding statements concerning the Holocaust (Shoah) by Bishop Richard Williamson, a member of the Society of Saint Pius X. (Same article in French)





Aristotle defines philosophy in terms of essence, saying that philosophy is "the science of the universal essence of that which is actual". Plato had defined it as the "science of the idea", meaning by idea what we should call the unconditional basis of phenomena.


The immediate starting-point of Plato's philosophical speculation was the Socratic teaching. In his attempt to define the conditions of knowledge so as to refute sophistic scepticism, Socrates had taught that the only true knowledge is a knowledge by means of concepts. Without philosophy thoughts are, as it were, cloudy and indistinct: its task is to make them clear and to give them sharp boundaries.


Socrates was, above all things, a reformer. He was alarmed at the condition of affairs in Athens, a condition which he was, perhaps, right in ascribing to the Sophists. They taught that there is no objective standard of the true and false, that that is true which seems to be true, and that that is false which seems to be false.




   Faculty of Theology

       Recent publications


   Oxford: Videos

     Watch, listen to or download video and audio stories from the University of Oxford


   Oxford celebrates Abraham Lincoln’s 200th birthday  Published: 06 Feb 09


   Sir David King warns of climate change conflict Published: 13 Feb 09

    The Iraq war was the first ‘resource war’ according to Professor Sir David King, Director of the Smith School of Enterprise and the Environment and a former UK government chief scientist.


   Climate change may kill the Amazon rainforest Published: 10 Feb 09

    The dieback of the Amazonian forests caused by climate change is not inevitable but remains a distinct possibility, according to a study led by the Professor of Ecosystem Science at Oxford University.


A state on trial: Hannah Arendt vs. the state of Israel, by Idith Zertal

        WHETHER SHE LIKED IT OR NOT, ARENDT WAS AN EXCEPTIONAL WOMAN in her own way, as much as she was, apparently, malgre elle, an "exception Jewess."  And equipped precisely with both just qualities and reputations she burst into the national classroom to wreak havoc as Israel's mythical founder and political leader, David Ben-Gurion, was holding his last great national undertaking, the Eichmann trial.

    Hanna Arednt and the Founding of Israel



Aesthetic as Science of Expression and General Linguistic, by Benedetto Croce


Knowledge Management Systems (Textbook by Elias M. Awad, Hassan M. Ghaziri, Knowledge Management, Pearson Education Inc., Prentice Hall (2004).

  Understanding Knowledge

  Knowledge Creation & Knowledge Architecture

  Some Knowledge Capturing Techniques

  Transferring and Sharing Knowledge


"The illiterate of the 21st century will not be those who cannot read and write, but those who cannot learn, unlearn, and relearn".

   (Alvin Toffler)



World Wars

World War One


World War Two

   Germany starts moving


Genocide Under the Nazis

Cold War







    British History Timeline

    British History


    The Cathedrals of Britain

    Christopher Wren


Aesop´s Fables


The Advancement of  Learning, By Francis Bacon (Full text)

   Bacon makes, by a sort of exhaustive analysis, a ground-plan of all subjects of study, as an intellectual map, helping the right inquirer in his search for the right path. The right path is that by which he has the best chance of adding to the stock of knowledge in the world something worth labouring for; and the true worth is in labour for "the glory of the Creator and the relief of man's estate."





Acetylene, The Principles Of Its Generation And Use by F. H. Leeds and W. J. Atkinson Butterfield (Full Text)

An Account of the Extraordinary Medicinal Fluid, called Aether. by Matthew Turner (Full Text)

ABC's of Science by Charles Oliver  (Book: full text)

I. The Supreme Power of Nature
II. Astronomy
III. The Solar System
IV. Across the Divide
V. Flourishment of the Earth
VI. Animal Magnetism
VII. Miscellaneous

History  New !



     The History of Herodotus (parallel English/Greek)

        English translation: G. C. Macaulay, (pub. Macmillan, London and NY) [1890]


Walter Scott

   The Abbot by Sir Walter Scott (Full text)


Carlo Lorenzini

   The Adventures of Pinocchio by C. Collodi [Pseudonym of Carlo Lorenzini] (Full text)





Timothy Garton Ash.


        Europe´s True Stories by Timothy Garton Ash. February 2007.

The EU urgently needs to give a new account of itself. Old-fashioned grand narrative and Euromyth will no longer do the trick. How about a true and self-critical story woven around six goals?

        Europe needs a strategy to cope with Russia

        The knives are out for Davos Man. But the alternative is much more alarming

        Europe is failing two life and death tests. We must act together, now

        The launch of BBC Persian TV is one of the most positive developments I have seen in a long time

        On an auspicious anniversary, here are four keys to China's peaceful rise

        What Britain still has in spades is cultural power. Let's cultivate it

        China's economic success may soon bring trouble. It would be ours too.

        2009 brings hard choices over the future of capitalism.


 COMPARATIVE AUTHORITARIANISM (PhD Instructor: Dr Matteo Fumagalli)
  Email: fumagallim@ceu.hu  Winter 2007
  With all but a handful of states now declaring themselves democratic, and with the number of more or less imperfect democracies on the rise, there seems to be little    urgency for understanding what drives authoritarian regimes.


   The Merchant of Venice (full text)

Thouthands of FULL-TEXT free Books!

Latin America in the New World order


Revista "ENVÍO", Nicaragua


     Speech by Xabier Gorostiaga, president of the Regional Coordinator of Economic and Social Research (CRIES), to the Latin America Sociology Association Conference, Havana, May 1991.


   University of Viterbo

     Special Education.

        Thirteenth Annual Institute:  Educational and Legal Issues of Educating Children with Emotional and Behavioral Disabilities


Latin American Crises, by Héctor Penna, UBA, BA. Argentina

The southern part of America beginning in Mexico was called in the XIX Century "Latin America" (LA) (1) as a way to extend continental European territoriality in a so called fourth stage of expansion of the Roman Empire.


The Third World at Home, By Noam Chomsky (1993)

Studies of public opinion bring out other strands.  A June 1992 Gallup poll found that 75% of the population do not expect life to improve for the next generation of Americans--not too surprising, given that real wages have been dropping for 20 years, with an accelerated decline under Reaganite
"conservatism," which also managed to extend the cloud over the college-educated.

Wage-Labor & Capital, by Karl Marx

Vain Hopes, False Dreams, By Noam Chomsky

In the July/August issue of _Z_, several articles dealt with the deterioration of conditions of life in American society and the loss of hope, trust, or even expectations for the political system.


Latin America at the margin of World System History

Latin America was outside the Afro-Eurasian world system until its  incorporation in 1492. Then, as part of one of the cyclical upswing   expansions of this world system, what came to be known as Latin  America was incorporated into the same. However, Latin America was  only incorporated into a subordinate and dependent position therein  from which it has never emerged. Indeed, during the previous and again  the present cyclical world economic crises, Latin America has been
further marginalized even from its dependent position at the margin of this  world system.





Educational Gazette


The Educational Gazette(EG) is a collaborative, computer-supported House Organ journal published by EMTF. In order to support the process of collaborative work, contributors  with different backgrounds and living in different regions of the world are welcome.

Contributions to EG focus on essays, reviews, debates and interviews about educational issues and their related subjects. It is aimed at keen or studious readers all over the world. Contributions made by representatives of the various fields of knowledge are welcome.

        Contact us: ctrevisi@trevisifoundation.com